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  1. 1

    The Egyptian NGO platform document, submitted to the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo 5 to 13 September, 1994.

    National N.G.O. Committee

    [Unpublished] 1994. [2], 80 p.

    This document was prepared in preparation for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in order to present the consensus of 450 Egyptian nongovernmental organization (NGOs) on the following: 1) the 6 major issues proposed in the draft program of action for ICPD approval (population and sustainable development, population and the environment, enhancing women's role in society, reproductive health, family and health education, and population policies and migration); 2) Egypt's policy in regard to population and development; and 3) the role of Egyptian NGOs in the field of population and development and their vision of the future. In addition, the Egyptian NGO National Steering Committee used this opportunity to organize the NGOs in preparation for co-hosting and participating in the international NGO Forum to be held concurrently with the ICPD; to establish a network for communication, coordination, and consensus building among NGOs operating at the local, provincial, national, and international levels; and to create an organization of Egyptian NGOs which will exist beyond the ICPD. The document concludes with 8 recommendations to governments of developed countries; 5 to international organizations; 19 to the Egyptian government concerning sustainable development, 14 on the role of women in society, 7 on reproductive health and rights, 7 on family education, and 15 on population policies and immigration; and 8 to NGOs.
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  2. 2

    Women's bodies, women's rights.

    Hassan F

    AL-AHRAM. 1994 Jun 9-15; [1] p.

    In January 1994, 215 women attending an international conference on reproductive health and justice held in preparation for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) raised concerns about coercive population policies and fertility control measures targeted at women in developing countries. Similar concerns were voiced in Egypt during a 2-day workshop also organized in preparation for the ICPD. While supporters of Egypt's National Program for Family Planning (NPFP) are content with progress, critics expressed concern over the quality of the services offered. Proponents point to the increased prevalence of contraception (from 10% to 50%) in Egypt since the NPFP was founded in the 1960s and credited the increase to the successful introduction of the IUD. Debate arose, however, over whether physicians who insert the device have a monopoly over contraceptive decision-making and are responsible for allowing widespread misconceptions about oral contraception to persist. Workshop participants also debated the NPFP licensing of Norplant implants and injectable contraceptives before these methods achieved international approval and claimed that these methods may not be appropriate in Egypt. One workshop presentation described women's reproductive rights during various stages of the life cycle, and many debates arose about female genital mutilation. Maternal morbidity and mortality were described as major violations of reproductive rights, and participants agreed that health and sex education are vital to improved health practices.
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  3. 3

    World Bank HIV / AIDS activities.

    World Bank. Population, Health and Nutrition Department

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, Population, Health and Nutrition Dept., 1994. [2], 9 p.

    Commonly known as the World Bank, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) was conceived in July 1944 at the UN Monetary and Financial Conference held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, US, with the goal of promoting economic development which benefits poor people in developing countries. As of July 1994, the IBRD had 178 member countries. The World Bank is the largest single source of external funding for health, as well as for HIV/AIDS prevention and control in developing countries. Working together with other UN agencies. bilateral donors, and nongovernmental organizations, the bank makes credits and loans available to developing country governments for a broad array of health projects. Providing support for such projects is a central element of the bank's efforts to reduce poverty and its consequences. In 1993, the bank lent $1.8 billion for 25 health, nutrition, and population projects. By the end of fiscal 1994, it will have lent more than $500 million for HIV/AIDS prevention in developing countries. Funds for HIV/AIDS prevention support program management, training, education and communication programs, surveillance, research, supplies, and drug procurement and information. Free-standing AIDS projects, HIV/AIDS work in social sector projects, the Sahel and southeast Asia regional initiatives, the bank's work with nongovernmental organizations on HIV/AIDS prevention and care, health and structural adjustment, and the economic impact of AIDS are discussed.
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  4. 4

    [On the way to Beijing: Dakar Conference] En route pour Pekin: Conference de Dakar.

    Bessis S

    VIVRE AUTREMENT. 1994 Oct; (Spec No):3.

    In November 1994 in Senegal, Dakar will host the regional conference on women. Its purpose is to develop a common action plan that Africa will present in Beijing. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and governments have already been preparing for this meeting. This conference had been organized by a series of meetings continent-wide, where governments and NGOs clarified their positions on the 3 themes: equality, development, and peace. The Ministry of Women and the Family has the task of preparing the Senegalese viewpoint of the operation. Senegalese authorities want to make the meeting in Dakar a success. They have decided to have expositions, cultural displays, a women's business forum, a village restaurant where representatives from each country will get to know the culinary wealth of other countries, and a gala event. Everyone is ready to discuss equality, women's access to decision making structures (especially in the education sector), and better distribution of income between the sexes. NGOs do not intend to sit back and do nothing at the conference, but intend to influence the editing of the action plan. Many women's and health-based NGOs are rising up against the gaps of the action plan which only consider women's biological and physical aspects but not their mental and psychological aspects. Participants should consider the disastrous effects of sexual abuse and early marriages. Are governments ready to reform their laws which tend to discriminate against women and institutionalize their low status? Do they have the political will to check the conservative forces, such as those that spoke out against women in the final report of the forum in Tunisia? The number of women in powerful posts in Africa is growing. They can certainly advance things more rapidly than in the recent past. Women at Dakar should work together to address conflicts in Africa. Women should insist that women participate in all peace negotiations.
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  5. 5

    NGO forum 1994, Cairo, Egypt, 4-13 September 1994. Programme guide.

    International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD] (1994: Cairo)

    [Unpublished] 1994. [3], 89 p.

    This program guide to the NGO (nongovernmental organization) Forum which was held concurrently with the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) facilitated attendance at the Forum by presenting information on travel, the site, the climate, electricity, health, facilities available, security, the schedule and program, lists of international exhibitors and Forum participants as of July 1, 1994, and a list of NGO planning committee members for the ICPD. From September 5 through September 13, 1994, the daily program was structured to include opening caucuses; 2 90-minute NGO presentations; a 2-hour segment for guest speakers, a video festival, and a lecture series; 2 more 90-minute NGO presentations; and a 30-minute NGO briefing on ICPD proceedings. A detailed listing of the daily sessions is included with the note that revisions and additions to the program would be made during the Forum.
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