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Third World Quarterly. 2011; 32(3):435-52.Governments, UN agencies and international and local NGOs have mounted a concerted effort to remobilise sport as a vehicle for broad, sustainable social development. This resonates with the call for sport to be a key component in national and international development objectives. Missing in these efforts is an explicit focus on physical education within state schools, which still enroll most children in the global South. This article focuses on research into one of the few instances where physical education within the national curriculum is being revitalised as part of the growing interest in leveraging the appeal of sport and play as means to address social development challenges such as HIV/AIDS. It examines the response to the Zambian government's 2006 Declaration of Mandatory Physical Education (with a preventive education focus on HIV/AIDS) by personnel charged with its implementation and illustrates weaknesses within the education sector. The use of policy instruments such as decrees/mandates helps ensure the mainstreaming of physical education in development. However, the urgency required to respond to new mandates, particularly those sanctioned by the highest levels of government, can result in critical pieces of the puzzle being ignored, thereby undermining the potential of physical education (and sport) within development.
The Egyptian NGO platform document, submitted to the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo 5 to 13 September, 1994.
[Unpublished] 1994. , 80 p.This document was prepared in preparation for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in order to present the consensus of 450 Egyptian nongovernmental organization (NGOs) on the following: 1) the 6 major issues proposed in the draft program of action for ICPD approval (population and sustainable development, population and the environment, enhancing women's role in society, reproductive health, family and health education, and population policies and migration); 2) Egypt's policy in regard to population and development; and 3) the role of Egyptian NGOs in the field of population and development and their vision of the future. In addition, the Egyptian NGO National Steering Committee used this opportunity to organize the NGOs in preparation for co-hosting and participating in the international NGO Forum to be held concurrently with the ICPD; to establish a network for communication, coordination, and consensus building among NGOs operating at the local, provincial, national, and international levels; and to create an organization of Egyptian NGOs which will exist beyond the ICPD. The document concludes with 8 recommendations to governments of developed countries; 5 to international organizations; 19 to the Egyptian government concerning sustainable development, 14 on the role of women in society, 7 on reproductive health and rights, 7 on family education, and 15 on population policies and immigration; and 8 to NGOs.
SIECUS REPORT. 1995 Feb-Mar; 23(3):20-2.The Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) is the only national organization in the US with a primary emphasis upon sexuality education. A 1992 review by SIECUS of the libraries of 17 population-related organizations found none to have a significant collection on sexuality or sexuality education. The nongovernmental organization (NGO) therefore in 1993 added an international component to its sexuality information and education clearinghouse, providing assistance to more than 250 professionals in over 30 countries in the first year. This was made possible through SIECUS's extensive collection of sexuality and HIV/AIDS education curricula, international research studies and reports, sexuality training models, conference and meeting proceedings, country policies, and program assessments. As an official accredited organization at the NGO forum in Cairo, Egypt, September 1994, SIECUS was able to assess the level of awareness and knowledge of sexuality issues among international population, health, environment, and government institutions. Participation in the meetings also offered the opportunity to evaluate the direction of the international initiative and support sexual and reproductive rights. The International Conference on Population and Development Program of Action is discussed. With the Cairo conference representing considerable progress on many fronts, SIECUS now believes that appropriate responses to world population growth must acknowledge the interactions among social, cultural, economic, and environmental conditions. Sexuality education and health services are an integral component of efforts to improve reproductive health care. In the coming year, SIECUS will develop materials to meet gaps in information, create a forum on the Internet to enhance communication efforts of professionals from other countries, and disseminate information to educators and service providers outside of the US.