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  1. 1

    Global partnership against AIDS in Africa. UN leads the way with governments, civil society and private sector.

    Fleshman M

    AFRICA RECOVERY. 2000 Apr; 14(1):24-5.

    Almost 14 million people in sub-Saharan Africa have died from AIDS, with a staggering 23 million Africans infected (70% of the world s total). In an urgent response to this deepening crisis, the UN has launched the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa. The partnership is bringing together the key stakeholders to mount an intensified and sustained attack on the disease and mobilize the human and material resources necessary. In view of such, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan opened a 2-day meeting of the International Partnership in New York that included representatives of many African and donor governments, African and European nongovernmental organizations, senior UN officials, and philanthropists. In this meeting, he discussed the vital role of private sectors in supporting African efforts by educating employees, underwriting community education and prevention programs and addressing the urgent need for affordable medicines and further research. Highlighted in the meeting was the Secure the Future program, which combines funding for community education and prevention with training for health care professionals and medical research.
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  2. 2

    Silveira House community based AIDS programme: a case study.

    Silveira House; UNICEF

    Harare, Zimbabwe, Silveira House, [1995]. 26 p.

    This document outlines the experience of the Silveira House and the UN International Children's Emergency Fund in designing and implementing a Community-Based AIDS Program in Zimbabwe. The Silveira House is a nongovernmental organization (NGO) being run by Jesuits. As such, it conducts activities, which combine a training program, an extension program and a research program in developing an AIDS program. One of their projects was the Community Based AIDS Program, which aimed to provide communities with relevant information on AIDS; recognize HIV/AIDS as a community problem; activate a sense of responsibility within the community for behavior change; develop participatory education materials for use in facilitating behavior change, and provide extension workers with information, education and communication skills on HIV/AIDS. The evaluation revealed that the programs were successful in attaining its objectives. Furthermore, the lessons learned include the following: 1) ability of the community educator in delivering the program; 2) need for extensive training in the use of participatory AIDS education methods; 3) organization of community groups; 4) assistance in various aspects of work planning; 5) practice of AIDS related issues discussion; 6) generation of materials for programs; and 7) inclusion of home based care training.
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  3. 3

    DOTS in action.

    Barends L

    AFRICA HEALTH. 1997 Nov; 20(1):19-20.

    About 80,000 cases of tuberculosis (TB) are reported annually in South Africa. However, control measures have failed to check the growing numbers of TB cases and the spread of HIV is bound to exacerbate the situation. The Western Cape has almost 3 times the national notification rate (663 vs. 225 per 100,000). With only 60-70% of patients in Western Cape found to adhere to treatment, the Community Health Association of South Africa (CHASA) recommended using the DOTS strategy to control TB. The DOTS method, however, burdens both health workers and those patients who have to travel long distances to reach a health center. Such inconvenience contributes to poor treatment compliance. Any strictly medical approach to TB eradication will fail. Medical interventions must instead be set within, and supported by, a strong social and political network. A change in attitude is needed in order to ensure the success of DOTS. The creation of the Western Cape TB Alliance (TBA), TB control-related research, DOTS implementation, and project objectives and achievements are described.
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