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[Unpublished]  4 p.The UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the UN Division for the Advancement of Women and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights convened at Glen Cove, New York in December 1996, to consider ways to promote and protect women's right to health, gender equality, and empowerment. Representatives from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and several UN agencies joined the UNFPA meeting. Discussions included gender issues, reproductive and sexual rights, violations of these rights and ways to integrate gender awareness to their work. NGOs' role is valuable in distributing information of rights and thus, they are recognized to participate in treaty monitoring and conference implementation. Moreover, UNFPA together with other UN agencies promotes reproductive and sexual rights through technical assistance and training programs in developing countries, and support for advocacy and research.
Hilversum, Netherlands, World Population Foundation, 1999. 33 p.The involvement of civil society in the attainment of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Program of Action has been clearly and increasingly visible. This has been exemplified in the participation of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the ICPD +5 review, which started at the national level, continued through consultations, and ended with the NGO Forum that took place in The Hague, Netherlands, February 6-7, 1999. This report highlights the discussions of this NGO Forum. Chapters present examples of good practices, obstacles that still need to be overcome, and the critical next steps that still have to be taken in order to make the ICPD commitment a reality. The report sets out what NGOs believe should be included in their own agenda, and those of others, for future action.
YEARBOOK OF POPULATION RESEARCH IN FINLAND. 1998-1999; 35:82-94.This article profiles nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and describes their legal foundation, definition, and importance in addressing world population issues. In the 71st article of the Charter of the UN, it is stated that the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) may negotiate with international and national organizations concerning issues in the Council's field of activity. The NGOs can be granted consultative status with ECOSOC if they can fulfill certain conditions. A substantial precondition is that they have special expertise and they represent a special group in several countries not based on an intergovernmental agreement. In the context of definition, an ECOSOC report states that NGOs are nonprofit, independent associations. Members are citizens or civic organizations from one or several countries and activities are determined by its membership to satisfy the needs of the members or those of one or more fields of activity. There are two nongovernmental organizations being recognized internationally. These are the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) and the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). The significance of NGOs, particularly IUSSP and IPPF, on population issues, it is noted that NGOs have had an important role in every continent of the world, and special emphasis is placed on the leading role of IPPF and women's NGOs in the activities of the civil society.
[Washington, D.C.], AED, 1999. , 11 p. (USAID Cooperative Agreement No. HRN-A-00-97-00007-00)This paper highlights the role of the LINKAGES Project in the promotion of improved breast-feeding and related complementary feeding, and maternal practices. The program is achieved through community-based activities, advocacy in national and global fora, collaborative activities with private and voluntary organization partners and cooperating agencies, and dissemination of quality technical information. The report also outlines the activities in one region and 10 countries in Africa. Their list of programs includes integration of breast-feeding into the various agencies, health ministries, reproductive health services, and refugee health programs. Aside from country program activities, LINKAGES also operates at the global level. It is performed through policy dialogue, participation in international conferences, research of broad interest to program managers, information dissemination, and collaboration with international partners. Furthermore, technical support is provided to integrate innovative approaches into their programs, strengthen staff capacity, and incorporating up-to-date technical information into their materials and training programs. They also collaborate with organizations working in child survival, reproductive health, and emergency response.
INTEGRATION. 1999 Summer; (60):6-7.Everyone has a role to play in realizing the goals of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) program of action. The concerns of young people presented at the Youth Forum will hopefully be kept at the forefront of Cairo+5 deliberations. Innumerable women around the world in every country struggle daily to care for and education their children, to gain greater control over their lives, and to contribute to the progress being made in their communities and countries. The nongovernmental organization (NGO) and youth fora of the Cairo+5 proceedings demonstrate that the discussions about global challenges and their solutions are no longer being held and decided upon solely by government officials and policy-makers behind closed doors. Rather, NGOs have finally taken their proper place in the debate, to help ordinary citizens be heard on the critical issues which affect their lives. Efforts must also continue to be made to reach out to young people, as well as fathers, sons, and husbands.
INTEGRATION. 1999 Summer; (60):8.The client first, informed choice, and quality of care approach to reproductive health is being applied around the world, energized by individuals, communities, and organizations. There has been unprecedented support during the Cairo+5 global review process of the centrality of youth in the process, for by 2000, approximately 1 billion people aged 15-24 years will either be in or entering their reproductive years, the largest generation ever in this age cohort. These young people face considerable reproductive health risks and poor access to information and services. In addition, 25% of children are assaulted or abused, and 20% live in poverty. The Youth Forum recommendations will help to ensure that the reproductive health and social development needs of the world's youth are properly met. However, to fully implement the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) program of action, donor governments need to meet their funding commitments.
JOICFP NEWS. 1999 Jan; (295):1.The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo and attended by 80 government delegations, opened the door to a new phase of cooperation between government organizations (GOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). A strong partner at Cairo, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) had its Vision 2000 Strategic Plan incorporated into the ICPD Program of Action. Participants at the ICPD+5 conference, to be held in the Hague in 1999, will review what has happened since the original ICPD in 1994. IPPF, the largest NGO in reproductive health and family planning (RH/FP), will be a voice for NGOs and participate in monitoring at ICPD+5. IPPF has encouraged countries to establish national focal points on RH/FP and is now working through a monthly newsletter to keep family planning associations (FPAs), women's unions, and youth groups informed. IPPF is also participating in roundtables with UNFPA and other organizations, as well as with the UN Population Division. The recent and ongoing shift away from core funding to project-specific funding has weakened the structure of existing FPAs. Strengthening the implementation of Vision 2000 is discussed. Japan has consistently been an active partner, supporting IPPF and FPAs in many countries.