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  1. 1

    Fatal misconception: the struggle to control world population.

    Connelly M

    Cambridge, Massachusetts, Belknap Press, 2008. xiv, 521 p.

    Rather than a conspiracy theory, this book presents a cautionary tale. It is a story about the future, and not just the past. It therefore takes the form of a narrative unfolding over time, including very recent times. It describes the rise of a movement that sought to remake humanity, the reaction of those who fought to preserve patriarchy, and the victory won for the reproductive rights of both women and men -- a victory, alas, Pyrrhic and incomplete, after so many compromises, and too many sacrifices. (Excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Non-governmental organizations and world population issues.

    Hulkko J


    This article profiles nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and describes their legal foundation, definition, and importance in addressing world population issues. In the 71st article of the Charter of the UN, it is stated that the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) may negotiate with international and national organizations concerning issues in the Council's field of activity. The NGOs can be granted consultative status with ECOSOC if they can fulfill certain conditions. A substantial precondition is that they have special expertise and they represent a special group in several countries not based on an intergovernmental agreement. In the context of definition, an ECOSOC report states that NGOs are nonprofit, independent associations. Members are citizens or civic organizations from one or several countries and activities are determined by its membership to satisfy the needs of the members or those of one or more fields of activity. There are two nongovernmental organizations being recognized internationally. These are the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) and the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). The significance of NGOs, particularly IUSSP and IPPF, on population issues, it is noted that NGOs have had an important role in every continent of the world, and special emphasis is placed on the leading role of IPPF and women's NGOs in the activities of the civil society.
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  3. 3

    Guide to sources of international population assistance 1991, sixth edition: multilateral agencies; regional agencies; bilateral agencies; non-governmental organizations; university centres; research institutions; training organizations.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1991. xvii, 386 p. (United Nations Population Fund Population Programmes and Projects Vol. 1)

    This guide, in its sixth edition since 1976, reflects a broad view of the definition of international population assistance. Therefore, included are many organizations and agencies that offer services rather than direct funding and that offer services only if funding is available. Listings are also included of demographic and research training institutions if they are concerned with developing countries and not limited to their own countries. The guide is divided into four sections: 1) multilateral organizations and agencies; 2) regional organizations and agencies; 3) bilateral agencies; and 4) nongovernmental organizations, universities, research institutions, and training organizations. The entries include such information as a general description of each agency, selected program areas, areas in which assistance is provided, support activities available, restrictions, channels of assistance, how to apply for assistance, monitoring and evaluation, reporting requirements, and addresses.
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  4. 4

    Global population assistance report, 1992.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 1994. 56 p.

    This is the sixth edition of a report on global population assistance first published by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1988. It provides information on the levels, trends, and nature of international population assistance for the period 1983-92, focusing upon the flow of funds in the form of grants or loans from developed countries to developing countries. In 1992, primary funds for international population assistance reached $926 million, $1033 million including World Bank loans. In 1983 dollars, however, total primary funds in 1992, not including those of the World Bank, were $657 million. Primary funds from 17 developed countries in 1992 totalled $766 million of which 50% came from the US and Japan, and 80% from the US, Japan, Germany, Sweden, Norway, and the UK. As a percentage of official development assistance, population assistance from each donor country was 1.37% on average in 1992. Final expenditures in 1992 were $211 million in Asia and the Pacific, $172 million in Africa, $97 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, $42 million in the Middle East and North America, and $6 million in Europe. In 1992, 69% of the final expenditures for population assistance were for family planning programs. Most data in the report were obtained through a questionnaire mailed in June 1993 to 392 countries and organizations involved in population activities. Survey respondents included donor countries, multilateral organizations and agencies, major private foundations, and other nongovernmental organizations (NGO). Responses were obtained from all donor countries and multilateral organizations and agencies, although only 113 of the 366 NGOs contacted responded. Survey data were supplemented by other sources, such as annual reports, UN specialized agencies' records, published secondary sources, and telephone interviews. The report notes the practical difficulty of defining population programs and of apportioning the population component of integrated projects.
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