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AIDS. 2008; 22 Suppl 2:S9-S17.The University of California, Los Angeles Program in Global Health performed a landscape analysis based on interviews conducted between November 2006 and February 2007 with 35 key informants from major international organizations conducting HIV/AIDS work. Institutions represented included multilateral organizations, foundations, and governmental and non-governmental organizations. The purpose of this analysis is to assist major foundations and other institutions to understand better the international HIV/AIDS policy landscape and to formulate research and development programmes that can make a significant contribution to moving important issues forward in the HIV/AIDS policy arena. Topics identified during the interviews were organized around the four major themes of the Ford Foundation's Global HIV/AIDS Initiative: leadership and leadership development; equity; accountability; and global partnerships. Key informants focused on the need for a visionary response to the HIV pandemic, the need to maintain momentum, ways to improve the scope of leadership development programmes, ideas for improving gender equity and addressing regional disparities and the needs of vulnerable populations, recommendations for strengthening accountability mechanisms among governments, foundations, and civil society and on calling for increased collaboration and partnership among key players in the global HIV/AIDS response. (Author's)
Gender and child protection policies: Where do UNHCR's partners stand? A report by the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children.
New York, New York, Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, 2006 Jul. 15 p.The purpose of this study is to gauge what kind of policies, tools and accountability mechanisms are in place at partner organizations with respect to gender equality and child/youth protection. The aim is to find out if and what specific policies exist and the level of partner interaction with UNHCR to implement AGDM through information sharing and training. This report is not meant to evaluate UNHCR partners' policies and tools. Rather, it is meant to make a contribution to UNHCR and partners' work by documenting progress and good practice as well as obstacles and challenges they face in mainstreaming. As pertinent, these survey findings are to be taken into consideration within the overall context of strengthening UNHCR's multi-year AGDM global rollout by enhancing its impact through the promotion of relevant policy and accountability mechanisms development with its key partners. (excerpt)
Ensuring the reproductive rights of refugees and internally displaced persons: legal and policy issues.
International Family Planning Perspectives. 2000 Dec; 26(4):167-73.More than 26 million refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are registered worldwide with the UN agencies, while millions still remain uncounted. In addition, girls and women make up about 50% of refugee and internally displaced populations, although the gender composition of refugee groups varies between regions and countries. These women and girls were at high risk of rape, unwanted pregnancies, unsafe delivery, and sexually transmitted diseases. This article examines the international legal framework for the reproductive rights of refugees and IDPs, as well as some aspects of UN and nongovernmental organization policies relevant to refugees' reproductive health. Three interrelated fields of international law come to bear on a discussion of the reproductive rights of refugees and IDPs: general international human rights law; refugee and humanitarian laws. These laws protect the rights of women against violence and all forms of discrimination. While international law requires countries that have ratified the relevant treaties to provide refugees and IDPs with sexual and reproductive health services, in practice UN agencies and nongovernmental organizations usually have to help provide these services.
PROMOTION & EDUCATION. 1998; 5(3-4):7-8.In May 1998, the World Health Assembly adopted a new Health for All in the 21st Century policy document which states that Health for All is a vision which recognizes the oneness of humanity and that a need exists to promote health and alleviate morbidity and suffering universally and in a spirit of solidarity. Health promotion can play a major role in achieving this vision. Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland, the incoming Director-General of the WHO, has stressed her intention to place health high on the political agenda, and recognizes the importance of civil society and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in effecting positive change. The Fourth International Conference on Health Promotion was the first such conference to be held in a developing country. Conference participants were drawn from many sectors of society and included senior public health officials, health promoters, intergovernmental agencies, foundations, civil society, NGOs, and cooperatives. The private sector also supported the promotion of health. The Jakarta Declaration identifies the following priorities for health promotion in the 21st century: the promotion of social responsibility for health, increasing investment in health development, consolidating and expanding partnerships for health, increasing community capacity and empowering the individual, and securing an infrastructure for health promotion. The World Health Assembly resolution of May 1998 on health promotion confirmed the priorities of the Jakarta Declaration on health promotion and urged all member states of the WHO to respond accordingly. NGOs have already risen to the challenge of the declaration.