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Geneva, World Health Organization, 1970.A WHO Expert Committee on Training in National Health Planning met in Geneva from 24 November to 2 December 1969 to review different training programs based on modern concepts of health planning in order to answer such specific questions as why there is a need to train various types of personnel in this field, which particular catagories of personnel needed, which different types of planning courses and factors should be considered in each category, and what types to medical and nonmedical institutions should be used. Because of the general and specific variables that are found in each country situation, the report does not prescribe 1 or more standard courses to be adopted universally to accomplish training in national health planning. The category of generalist health planners is the most urgently needed. The training of the health planners requires a diversified faculty who have a grasp of the whole field and expects in pedagogy. Factors which influence training in national health planning include politico-social variables, availability of resources, the character of the health and educational systems, the trainees' educational level and future role, and the state of technology. Certain recommendations are made for the future development of training in health planning including: 1) the necessity of determining the validity of a model of national health planning, and 2) the advisability of subjecting the various roles in national health planning to systematic analysis in order to delineate more sharply the functions for which training is required and the most appropriate backgrounds for those to be selected for training, 3) Plans for training must be evaluated and, if necessary, reformulated. 4) Institutions should make a systematic and joint approach to the development of training and to the exchange of teaching materials. 5) A clearinghouse should be created for literature, resources, and experiences in national health planning. 6) International cooperation and exchange in national health planning should be improved and made more systematic. 7) Professional publication in the field of national health planning should be stimulated and supported.
World Health Organization, Technical Report Series.. 1970; 50.Add to my documents.
Brazzaville, People's Republic of the Congo, WHO, (AFRO Technical Papers. 1970; 1:38.The African region has the following health-related problems in common: 1) high morbidity and mortality due to a prevalence of communicable diseases and nutritional deficiencies; 2) inadequate basic health services; and 3) a shortage of medical personnel. The interrelationships between health and economic growth are stressed. An integrated health approach, i.e., 1 in which preventive and curative work is combined, must be followed. The public health priorities for the African region are discussed in detail. Health planning must be dynamic, responding to an ever-changing health situation. Health planning, integrated with socioeconomic development plans, is discussed. Ways to meet the manpower shortages in the region are outlined. Programs for dealing with the following health problems are proposed: 1) malaria; 2) smallpox; 3) environmental health problems; and 4) health education. International aid for health services in Africa must be directed toward eventual health self-sufficiency in the region.