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  1. 1

    Programming alternatives in human lactation: maternal-child-health programs of care in India.


    In: Raphael, D., ed. Breastfeeding and food policy in a hungry world. New York, Academic Press, 1979. p. 277-285

    Pregnant Indian women and nursing mothers are often deficient in absorbable iron, folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C, and calcium. These nutrients combined in an oil base with a protein fortificant could be marketed as a medicine. Project Poshak and the Kasa project are two maternal-child-health nutrition programs in which breastfeeding, solid food weaning and preschool child care were emphasized. Nontribal Hindu women have many dietary strictures during pregnancy which contribute to anemia and protein vitamin deficiency. Poshnak project influenced other projects, including national feeding programs, special nutrition programs, and take-home food and child care services. Traditional child rearing practises have outlasted modern agricultural production. The delayed introduction of supplements to the breastfeeding child and female child neglect continue despite availability of nutritional food.n unexpected result of both projects was that acceptance of birth control and family planning greatly increased.
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  2. 2

    Human fertility and national development: a challenge to science and technology.

    United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs

    New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 1971. 140 p

    This report was prepared as a working document for the use of the United Nations Advisory Committee on the Application of Science and Technology to Development in devising its recommendations to the UN Economic and Social Council on the application of science and technology to population problems. The study is primarily organized around the analysis of the levels and trends of high fertility rates and their impact (along with other demographic factors) upon the development process and the life and well-being of individual, families, and the community. Consequently, the religious, cultural and social factors influencing fertility patterns and reproductive behavior in the developing countries are analyzed in detail. 2 chapters are devoted to the organizational, logistical, and motivational aspects of establishing family planning programs as part of development planning. A proposed 5-year program for expanded UN activities in the population field, together with a description of the possible development of population programs under UN aegis, are also described.
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  3. 3

    Republic of Vietnam (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, May 1972. 5 p

    All the demographic statistics and the cultural, economic, and geogr aphical situation of the Republic of Vietnam are presented. The history of interest in family planning and the current personnel of the Vietnamese Association for the Protection of Family Happiness are presented. Conservative Catholic opinion considers family planning activity controversial. Contraception is widely practiced by those who can afford to pay for it and the practice is considered private, not open to government interference. The government is showing increasing i nterest in the question of population. Current educational, clinic, training, and research activities are summarized. International organizations providing aid are enumerated.
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