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In: Population studies (lectures on population education), [compiled by] Sri Venkateswara University. Population Studies Centre. Tirupati, India, Sri Venkateswara University, Population Studies Centre, 1979. 41-50.This paper highlights the importance of health education in population education. Definition of health, as well as, the objectives of health education in the prospects of the WHO is presented in this paper. Furthermore, it focuses on the different aspects of health education, namely: personal hygiene and environmental sanitation; maternal and child health; nutrition education; applied nutrition program; school health education; transmission of diseases and cultural practices; national health programs; age at marriage of women and health; and population explosion and health hazards.
New York, New York, UNFPA, . v, 36 p. (Report)The former government of Romania sought to maintain existing population and accelerate population growth by restricting migration, increasing fertility, and reducing mortality. The provision and use of family planning (FP) were subject to restrictions and penalties beginning in 1986, the legal marriage age for females was lowered to 15 years, and incentives were provided to bolster fertility. These and other government policies have contributed to existing environmental pollution, poor housing, insufficient food, and major health problems in the country. To progress against population-related problems, Romania most urgently needs to gather reliable population and socioeconomic data for planning purposes, establish the ability to formulate population policy and undertake related activities, rehabilitate the health system and introduce modern FP methods, education health personnel and the public about FP methods, promote awareness of the need for population education, and establish that women's interests are served in government policy and action. These topics, recommendations, and the role of foreign assistance are discussed in turn.
In: Bloch LS, ed. The physician and population change: a strategy for Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Bethesda, Maryland, World Federation for Medical Education, 1979 Mar. 149-67.The family planning program in Pakistan began in 1953 with the formation of the Family Planning Association of Pakistan. In 1960 the Second 5-Year Plan allocated 30.5 million rupees and attempted to provide services to 600,000 couples. The 1965 Plan attempted to reduce the crude birth rate from 50/1000 to 40/1000. 148.2 million rupees was allocated and indigenous midwives were incorporated into an autonomous 3-tiered administration with the district the main unit of operation. This program was the most successful, and the basic structure continues unchanged, with the addition of a "Continuous Motivation System" which has male-female teams assigned to local areas who contact clients and prospective clients. Population education has been introduced into school curricula. The 5th Plan hopes to deliver more services to rural areas. All MCH centers are involved in motivation, education, and providing contraceptives. Family planning clinics have been set up in established hospitals. Paramedical personnel man clinics in rural areas where services include family planning, MCH, and treatment of minor ailments. In 1978 the population of Pakistan was 75.6 million; the crude birth rate was 43.6, the death rate, 13.6. The sex ratio is 876 females to 1000 males. Approximately 19% of women are in the reproductive age group. The maternal mortality rate is 6.0/1000 females giving birth; the infant mortality rate is 115/1000 live births.