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  1. 1

    Health education, an important aspect of population education.

    Gurumurthy G

    In: Population studies (lectures on population education), [compiled by] Sri Venkateswara University. Population Studies Centre. Tirupati, India, Sri Venkateswara University, Population Studies Centre, 1979. 41-50.

    This paper highlights the importance of health education in population education. Definition of health, as well as, the objectives of health education in the prospects of the WHO is presented in this paper. Furthermore, it focuses on the different aspects of health education, namely: personal hygiene and environmental sanitation; maternal and child health; nutrition education; applied nutrition program; school health education; transmission of diseases and cultural practices; national health programs; age at marriage of women and health; and population explosion and health hazards.
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  2. 2

    Primary health care: reorienting organisational support.

    Ebrahim GJ; Ranken JP

    London, England, Macmillan, 1988. x, 165 p.

    Evaluations of progress made toward greater primary health care (PHC) among nations since the Alma Ata Conference of 1978 indicate that problems exist in managing PHC and reorienting existing services to PHC. The overwhelming majority of plans set forth through country policy have not been set into motion. Contributors from a host of disciplines and interests were called upon to explore manners in which countries may reorient their health services to the ideal of PHC and Health for All by the Year 2000. Prescription for change is avoided, yet a number of successful country examples are described in the text. Principles with potential application for other country setting are then explored. PHC and change is first explored, followed by a discussion of the theory and practice of organizational change. Subsequent chapters address PHC as it relates to ministries of health, district management, hospitals, medical education, nursing, intersectoral collaboration, and NGOs and international organizations. Challenges for the future close the text. Health professionals must help enable individuals, families, and communities to take the major responsibility for their health; a concept central to PHC. Continual dialogue, popular consultation, and organizational adaptation and change are required along with a bottom-up approach for setting targets and identifying needs. The authors understand that intersectoral collaboration along with administrative flexibility and adaptation are needed if goals are to be met. Finally, the health sector should get its house in order before working out the details of PHC policy.
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