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  1. 1

    Memories of a WHO expert in midwifery.

    Bentley J

    WORLD HEALTH FORUM. 1998; 19(1):91-6.

    In this memoir, a retired World Health Organization (WHO) field worker reflects on her experiences. Her first shock came when she realized that she was going to be sent to her first assignment with no specific instructions. Fortunately, she encountered helpful WHO staff when she arrived in Manila. Conditions for delivering health care were primitive, health statistics were frightful, and working conditions were indescribable and were hampered by the lack of electricity and running water. The WHO focused on creating health services from scratch in the poorest countries and then training teachers to prepare staff. WHO nurses functioned as teams that were thrown together with no regard for compatibility. Another challenge was learning to work with national counterparts to prepare an appropriate training curriculum and to decide how students would gain experience in local hospitals, where the teaching staff was viewed with suspicion. As WHO field workers gained experience, they were able to design innovative programs, such as moving training from the classroom to a village setting. In some countries, there were numerous WHO staffers in residence, but before WHO began holding regular meetings there were few opportunities to coordinate activities. The regional office, however, maintained excellent relationships with the field staff. Being a WHO field worker meant hard, but extremely satisfying, work.
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  2. 2

    The Republic of Korea: forging an integrated programme.

    Asian-Pacific Population Programme News. 1978; 7(3):30-33, 42.

    Family planning was officially adopted as an instrument of national economic development policy in the Republic of Korea in 1961. While it was 1st based in the national health program, it gradually evolved into a diversified approach and today the family planning program is integrated into other fields of development activity. International attention is focussed on the Korean program of combining family planning with community development activity. In 1979, a "multipurpose health worker" will replace the 3 existing health field workers: family planning, mother and child health, and tuberculosis control. This is a continuation of the government effort to involve communities in the family planning program. Efforts of the Planned Parenthood Federation of Korea (PPFK) are summarized. PPFK provides all the instructional, educational, and communication functions for the family planning program. The Women's Associations, formed by the PPFK, were the 1st attempt to mobilize efforts of women on behalf of family planning and community development. The effort to integrate family planning and primary health care is currently under study.
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