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[90 percent cases of HIV transmission are due to perinatal contagion or breastfeeding. One million children were HIV positive in 1977] El 90 por ciento de casos por contagio perinatal o lactancia. Un millon de niños/as portan VIH en 1977.
RedAda. 1997 Dec; (26):22-24.A million children under 15 years of age will have contracted HIV worldwide by 1997, while in 1996, of the one and a half million people who died of this disease, 350,000 were under 15, according to UNAID numbers released on the occasion of the world AIDS campaign (December 1), whose theme this year is "Children in a World with AIDS." Approximately 90 percent of children with HIV were infected by their mothers, during pregnancy or childbirth or through mother's milk, according to the UN organization. (excerpt)
A changing emphasis for feeding choices for HIV seropositive mothers in East, Central and Southern Africa.
SOCIETES D'AFRIQUE ET SIDA. 1997 Jul-Oct; (17-18):12-4.Since the first descriptions that HIV-1 can be transmitted from mother to infant by breast-feeding, infant feeding practices in HIV-1 seropositive mothers had to be re-evaluated. In developed countries, public health policies recommend artificial feeding. A workshop sponsored by the South African Department of Health and the World Bank in collaboration with the Department of Pediatrics & Child Health, University of Natal and the Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat for East, Central and Southern Africa was held in Durban, South Africa (May 20-21, 1996) to address the question on breast-feeding infants with seropositive mothers. The presentations of the program included the epidemiology of mother to infant transmission of HIV with special emphasis on breast-feeding, the biological aspects of HIV transmission through breastmilk, a review of international studies on breast-feeding and mother to infant transmission of HIV and an exploration of the potential impact of breast-feeding on interventions against mother to child transmission of HIV by antiretrovirals. Thus, a shift in emphasis on the question of feeding choices for HIV seropositive women in developing and intermediate income countries has occurred. However, this statement has yet to be converted into policy.