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    274800

    Hepatitis B and breastfeeding.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Global Programme for Vaccines and Immunization; World Health Organization [WHO]. Division of Child Health and Development; World Health Organization [WHO]. Division of Reproductive Health (Technical Support)

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, Division of Child Health and Development, 1996 Nov. [4] p. (Update No. 22)

    The question of whether breastfeeding plays a significant role in the transmission of hepatitis B has been asked for many years. It is important given the critical role of breastfeeding and the fact that about 5% of mothers worldwide are chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers. Examination of relevant studies indicates that there is no evidence that breastfeeding poses any additional risk to infants of HBV carrier mothers. The use of hepatitis B vaccine in infant immunization programmes, recommended by WHO and now implemented in 80 countries, is a further development that will eventually eliminate risk of transmission. This document discusses the issues relevant to breastfeeding and HBV transmission, and provides guidance from a WHO perspective. (excerpt)
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