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  1. 1

    Prevention gap report.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2016. [286] p.

    Efforts to reach fewer than 500 000 new HIV infections by 2020 are off track. This simple conclusion sits atop a complex and diverse global tapestry. Data from 146 countries show that some have achieved declines in new HIV infections among adults of 50% or more over the last 10 years, while many others have not made measurable progress, and yet others have experienced worrying increases in new HIV infections.
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  2. 2

    HIV / AIDS in Asia and the Pacific Region, 2003.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for the Western Pacific; World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for South-East Asia

    Manila, Philippines, WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2004. [117] p.

    The 2001 report on HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific region published by the WHO Regional Offices for South-East Asia and the Western Pacific presented an overview of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, followed by a description of the general patterns and prevalence of HIV risk behaviours and HIV prevalence trends in the region, as well as in individual countries. This vast geographic region combines the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions and contains 60% of the total world population. Thus, even low HIV infection rates in this region will contribute millions of additional people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and deaths to the already staggering global toll of AIDS. This report provides an update on HIV/AIDS in the region and focuses on the continuing HIV prevalence trends noted in the previous report. It also noted some changes that may be occurring with regard to the public health surveillance and epidemiology of HIV/ AIDS. In addition, the epidemiological patterns of HIV, especially current HIV transmission dynamics, are described for each country. HIV is primarily a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and, as with all STI, the major driving force of the pandemic is heterosexual transmission. Although high rates of HIV infection (50% and higher) have been found and may still occur among injecting drug users (IDU) and men who have sex with men (MSM), more than 90% of the global total of estimated adult infections are due to heterosexual transmission. HIV/AIDS is present at varying prevalence levels in MSM in several regions of the world. Explosive spread of HIV still occurs among IDU populations worldwide and sexual transmission occurs throughout the world in both males and females, especially in those who have unprotected sex with multiple and concurrent partners, such as female sex workers (FSW). Extensive or epidemic heterosexual spread of HIV, affecting 1% or more of the sexually active population, has occurred in sub-Saharan countries, a few countries in the Caribbean and Central America, and a few countries in South and South-east Asia. Considering the presence of risk factors for HIV infection, such as high-risk behaviours and other sexually transmitted infections, and the vulnerability to HIV infection in the region, the major public health question is what actions need to be taken to maintain this low HIV prevalence. However, a response cannot be properly formulated without understanding the HIV epidemic status and trends in the region. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    [90 percent cases of HIV transmission are due to perinatal contagion or breastfeeding. One million children were HIV positive in 1977] El 90 por ciento de casos por contagio perinatal o lactancia. Un millon de niños/as portan VIH en 1977.

    RedAda. 1997 Dec; (26):22-24.

    A million children under 15 years of age will have contracted HIV worldwide by 1997, while in 1996, of the one and a half million people who died of this disease, 350,000 were under 15, according to UNAID numbers released on the occasion of the world AIDS campaign (December 1), whose theme this year is "Children in a World with AIDS." Approximately 90 percent of children with HIV were infected by their mothers, during pregnancy or childbirth or through mother's milk, according to the UN organization. (excerpt)
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