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  1. 1

    The Lancet's neonatal survival series [letter]

    Schmid G; Broutet N; de Bernis L; Hawkes S

    Lancet. 2005 May 28; 365(9474):1845.

    It is gratifying that The Lancet has called attention to the global problem of neonatal deaths by producing, and electronically distributing, its neonatal survival series. We are disappointed, however, that none of the articles in the series addressed the equally important subject of stillbirth despite The Lancet calling attention in electronic documents to the equal numbers of deaths due to stillbirth and in the neonatal period. A leading and almost totally preventable cause of fetal and neonatal death worldwide is congenital syphilis. A screening test in pregnancy can prevent death from syphilis at both times, but limiting discussion to the neonatal period fails to capture its significance. The number of infants dying annually from congenital syphilis is uncertain, but estimates are more than 500000. Adverse pregnancy outcomes occur in up to 80% of women with early syphilis, including stillbirth (40%), perinatal death (20%), and serious neonatal infection (20%). (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Prevention of HIV in infants and young children. Review of evidence and WHO's activities.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of HIV / AIDS

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2002. [6] p. (WHO/HIV/2002.08)

    HIV among children is a growing problem, particularly in the countries hardest hit by the AIDS epidemic. The overwhelming majority of infected children acquire the infection through mother-to-child transmission. Prevention of HIV infection in infants and young children is now a high priority and has been the rallying point for enhanced prevention efforts. While HIV infection among infants is a problem all over the world, it is most acute in sub-Saharan Africa, where almost 90% of all HIV infected children live. HIV/AIDS is wiping out years of progress in improving child survival. It is already responsible for substantially increasing the mortality rates of children under 5 years of age, which could double in some countries by the year 2010 due to the impact of AIDS. (excerpt)
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