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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    [New guidelines for preventing mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus] Nuevas orientaciones para prevenir la transmisión maternofilial del virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana.

    World Health Organization [WHO]

    Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública / Pan American Journal of Public Health. 2004; 16(4):289-294.

    During a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, on 5 and 6 February 2004, a working group of experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other scientists, health officials, and community representatives from throughout the world revised the guidelines developed by WHO in 2000 on the use of antiretroviral agents. Special attention was paid to the role of such agents in the prevention of HIV transmission from mother to infant during pregnancy, labor, and breast-feeding. This paper summarizes the newly developed guidelines, which contain specific recommendations for low-resource settings. It is hoped that the information provided will help curb HIV transmission from mother to child in developing countries, where it accounts for the majority of cases of HIV infection in childhood. (author's)
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  2. 2

    [90 percent cases of HIV transmission are due to perinatal contagion or breastfeeding. One million children were HIV positive in 1977] El 90 por ciento de casos por contagio perinatal o lactancia. Un millon de niños/as portan VIH en 1977.

    RedAda. 1997 Dec; (26):22-24.

    A million children under 15 years of age will have contracted HIV worldwide by 1997, while in 1996, of the one and a half million people who died of this disease, 350,000 were under 15, according to UNAID numbers released on the occasion of the world AIDS campaign (December 1), whose theme this year is "Children in a World with AIDS." Approximately 90 percent of children with HIV were infected by their mothers, during pregnancy or childbirth or through mother's milk, according to the UN organization. (excerpt)
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