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Report on country experience: A multi-sectoral response to combat polio outbreak in Namibia. Draft background paper.
[Unpublished] 2011. Draft background paper commissioned by the World Health Organization for the World Conference on Social Determinants of Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19-21 October 2011.  p. (WCSDH/BCKGRT/19/2011; Draft Background Paper 19)Namibia witnessed an outbreak of Wild Polio Type 1 virus in 2006. A total of 323 suspected cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis were reported, of which 19 were confirmed as Wild Polio Virus Type 1. The outbreak affected mostly the older population and thirty-two of the suspected cases died. The country mounted an immediate response that enabled the whole population to be vaccinated against polio virus. The outbreak of the epidemic witnessed an unprecedented response with the country coming together in the spirit of one Nation facing a common enemy. The reported deaths in some communities engendered fear among the populace and motivated the people to seek early treatment and prevention from further spread of the outbreak. The key to the successful response to the outbreak included: Political commitment; Resource mobilization and availability; Support of international community; Good community mobilization and cooperation from the communities; Commitment and dedication from the Health Care Providers and the volunteers; Team work and delegation; Good communication and support from the media. (Excerpt)
Cambridge, Massachusetts, Management Sciences for Health [MSH], Guinea PRISM II Project, 2005 Oct. 59 p. (Development Experience Clearinghouse DocID / Order No: PD-ACH-471; USAID Cooperative Agreement No. 675-A-00-03-00037-00)The PRISM project (Pour Renforcer les Interventions en Santé Reproductive et MST/SIDA) is an initiative of the Republic of Guinea as part of its bilateral cooperation with the United States of America designed to increase the utilization of quality reproductive health services. The project is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and is implemented by Management Sciences for Health (MSH) in collaboration with the John Hopkins University/Center for Communication Programs (JHU/CCP) and Engenderhealth. The project's intervention zones correspond to the natural region of Upper Guinea as well as Kissidougou prefecture, thus covering all of the 9 prefectures of Kankan and Faranah administrative regions. This annual report covers the activities and results of PRISM over the fiscal year 2005, October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2005. Like all of PRISM's activity reports, the present report is structured according to the 4 intermediate result areas: (1) increased access to reproductive health services and products, (2) improved quality of services at health facilities, (3) increased demand of reproductive health services and products (4) improved coordination of health interventions. The report consists of three parts. The first part presents the introduction, an executive summary, and the summary of the principal results attained over the course of the year in each of the four intermediate results (IR). The second part presents in detail for each IR the project's strategies and approaches, the implemented activities and the results attained over the course of the year. The third part presents the operational aspects having had an impact on the project over the course of the year. (excerpt)
The Regional Task Force on Maternal Mortality Reduction: developing consensus on safe motherhood priorities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Case Study No. 12. [Grupo de trabajo regional sobre reducción de la mortalidad materna: desarrollo de consenso sobre prioridades de maternidad segura en América Latina y el Caribe. Estudio de Caso Nº 12]
In: Shaping policy for maternal and newborn health: a compendium of case studies, edited by Sandra Crump. Baltimore, Maryland, JHPIEGO, 2003 Oct. 101-107.Although reducing maternal mortality is a regional priority in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), implementing country-level strategies for reducing maternal mortality presents unique challenges. Safe motherhood-friendly policies are largely in place across the region, but national political commitments need to be strengthened and focused on effective strategies and interventions. A great divide has developed between maternal health services for the rich and those for the poor, and for urban versus rural populations; the needs of certain groups, such as indigenous and adolescent women, are seriously neglected. In 1998, an inter-ministerial regional meeting was held in Peru to assess progress toward the goals of the World Summit for Children. The assessment found that little progress had been made in maternal mortality reduction. Based on these findings, a regional task force--the Regional Task Force on Maternal Mortality Reduction-- was created to monitor progress in priority countries and to address some of the region-specific challenges to maternal mortality reduction by improving interagency coordination and collaboration, and by providing support and focus to country-based partners. Specifically, the task force was designed to: Provide momentum and promote effective implementation of progressive safe motherhood policies and programs that are in place throughout the region; Share information between agencies on lessons learned and proven best practices, and promote the expansion or adaptation of successful models within the region; Leverage dwindling donor resources (by working collaboratively and avoiding duplication); and Monitor trends in maternal mortality reduction and mobilize technical and financial resources. This case study documents the task force's development and its effort to forge a regional consensus on safe motherhood priorities. (excerpt)