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Human Rights Commission: effects of irregular armed forces, drug traffickers, child abuse, protection of minorities - United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
UN Chronicle. 1990 Jun; 27(2): p..The Commission on Human Rights, at its forty-sixth session, covered a wide range of topics, including the consequences of actions by irregular armed forces and drug traffickers, child abuse, the rights of victims of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and the protection of rights of many minorities, including indigenous populations and migrant workers. It also reviewed specific human rights situations in 14 countries and territories, including reports on initial missions to Iran and Romania by Special Representatives. UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar was asked to report in 1991 on the results of his ongoing contacts with Cuba regarding the human rights situation there. The 43 member body also dealt with alleged human rights violations in southern Africa, the Middle East and other regions. No action was taken on proposed drafts related to China and Iraq. A report on the situation in Myamnar (formerly Burma) was received. (excerpt)
UN Chronicle. 1992 Dec; 29(4): p..Slavery, sex tourism and xenophobia were among the broad range of issues addressed by the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities at its forty-fourth session (3-28 August, Geneva). Racial discrimination, the rights of minorities and indigenous peoples, economic, social and cultural rights, the administration of justice and other human rights matters were also on the agenda. As the principal subsidiary of the Commission on Human Rights, the 26-member Subcommission asked that increased attention be paid to issues related to trafficking in children, child labour and prostitution, children in armed conflicts and commercial or exploitative adoptions. The Subcommission was gravely concerned over sex tourism and requested the World Tourism Organization to discuss ways of preventing that phenomenon. States should take urgent measures to protect minors from exposure to or involvement in child pornography, it said. (excerpt)
Importation and circulation of poliovirus in Bulgaria in 2001. [Importation et circulation du poliovirus en Bulgarie en 2001]
Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2003 Jul; 81(7):476-481.Objective: To characterize the circumstances in which poliomyelitis occurred among three children in Bulgaria during 2001 and to describe the public health response. Methods: Bulgarian authorities investigated the three cases of polio and their contacts, conducted faecal and serological screening of children from high-risk groups, implemented enhanced surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis, and conducted supplemental immunization activities. Findings: The three cases of polio studied had not been vaccinated and lived in socioeconomically deprived areas of two cities. Four Roma children from the Bourgas district had antibody titres to serotype 1 poliovirus only, and wild type 1 virus was isolated from the faeces of two asymptomatic Roma children in the Bourgas and Sofia districts. Poliovirus isolates were related genetically and represented a single evolutionary lineage; genomic sequences were less than 90% identical to poliovirus strains isolated previously in Europe, but 98.3% similar to a strain isolated in India in 2000. No cases or wild virus isolates were found after supplemental immunization activities were launched in May 2001. Conclusions: In Bulgaria, an imported poliovirus was able to circulate for two to five months among minority populations. Surveillance data strongly suggest that wild poliovirus circulation ceased shortly after supplemental immunization activities with oral poliovirus vaccine were conducted. (author's)
In: Migration and health: towards an understanding of the health care needs of ethnic minorities. Proceedings of a Consultative Group on Ethnic Minorities, The Hague, Netherlands, 28-30 November 1983, edited by M. Colledge, H.A. van Geuns and P.-G. Svensson. Copenhagen, Denmark, World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, 1986. 197-200.The World Health Organization's conclusions and recommendations for health care for migrant ethnic minorities in Europe address policies on research for ethnic groups, health care delivery, and the international issues of migrant health care. Results of a 1983 meeting of experts include recommendations for action at international, national, and local levels. The World Health Organization (WHO) assisted by governments should encourage cooperative studies of migrants' health in relation to mortality and morbidity. WHO should assist in the exchange of programs and information between countries through printed and other media and encourage discussions in meetings and symposiums. Ethnic minorities should get extra attention in who's alcohol and drug programs. Folk medicine should be considered when appropriate. Information on ethnic minority health problems should be gathered for training programs and the importance of bicultural experience and bilingualism must be recognized within the health services.
Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, 1988. x, 239 p.The Committee for the Oversight of AIDS Activities presents an update to and review of the progress made since the publication 1 1/2 years ago of Confronting Aids. Chapter 1 discusses the special nature of AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) as an incurable fatal infection, striking mainly young adults (particularly homosexuals and intravenous drug users), and clustering in geographic areas, e.g., New York and San Francisco. Chapter 2 states conclusively that HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) causes AIDS and that HIV infection leads inevitably to AIDS, that sexual contact and contaminated needles are the main vehicles of transmission, and that the future composition of AIDS patients (62,000 in the US) will be among poor, urban minorities. Chapter 3 discusses the utility of mathematical models in predicting the future course of the epidemic. Chapter 4 discusses the negative impact of discrimination, the importance of education (especially of intravenous drug users), and the need for improved diagnostic tests. It maintains that screening should generally be confidential and voluntary, and mandatory only in the case of blood, tissue, and organ donors. It also suggests that sterile needles be made available to drug addicts. Chapter 5 stresses the special care needs of drug users, children, and the neurologically impaired; discusses the needs and responsibilities of health care providers; and suggests ways of distributing the financial burden of AIDS among private and government facilities. Chapter 6 discusses the nomenclature and reproductive strategy of the virus and the needs for basic research, facilities and funding to develop new drugs and possibly vaccines. Chapter 7 discusses the global nature of the epidemic, the responsibilities of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Program on AIDS, the need for the US to pay for its share of the WHO program, and the special responsibility that the US should assume in view of its resources in scientific personnel and facilities. Chapter 8 recommends the establishment of a national commission on AIDS with advisory responsibility for all aspects of AIDS. There are 4 appendices: Appendix A summarizes the 1986 publication Confronting Aids; Appendix B reprints the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) classification scheme for HIV infections; Appendix C is a list of the 60 correspondents who prepared papers for the AIDS Activities Oversight Committee; and Appendix D gives biographical sketches of the Committee members.
Population News Service. 1976; 2:1.100 high school graduates from the cultural minorities will be trained as midwives starting this year, reports the "PPHA Newsette," official publication of the Philippine Public Health Association. The training project is part of a new scholarship program to be implemented by the Department of Health (DOH) and the U.N. Children's Fund. The program will provide trained midwives to the cultural minorities, who suffer from a high infant and maternal mortality rate. Scholars for the training project will be selected by regional health officers, and will be required to sign a contract to practice at least 2 years in their res pective areas. The "Newsette" said an initial 25 scholars will be train ed this year; the remaining 75 will receive their training in 1977. Dr. Amansia Mangay-Angara, chief of the Maternal-Child Heatlh Division, Bure au of Health Services, said the cultural minority scholars will be train ed in selected midwifery schools in Manila, Cebu Davao, and other provin ces located near cultural minority areas. A DOH spokesman said the scholars will reinforce the number of cultural minority midwives who are at present serving in Zamboanga, the Mountain Province, and other regions where there are cultural minorities.(FULL TEXT)