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Your search found 45 Results

  1. 1
    071886

    France.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 218-21. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    France's 1985 population of 54,621,000 is projected to grow to 58,431,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 21.3% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 17.7% were over the age of 60. 17.8% and 25.9% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 3.4 to 0.3 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 74.5 to 77.6 years, the crude death rate will increase from 11.2 to 11.8, while infant mortality will decline from 9.2 to 5.2. The fertility rate will rise over the period from 1.9 to 2.0, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 14.5 to 12.1. The 1978 contraceptive prevalence rate was 79.0, while the 1982 female mean age at 1st marriage was 24.3 years. Urban population will increase from 73.4% in 1985 to 77.3% overall by the year 2025. Morbidity, mortality, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, fertility, and immigration are not. France has an explicit population policy. Concerned over the low growth rate of the native-born population, policy aims to increase fertility an population growth by improving the socioeconomic status of families, lowering the mortality rate, and restricting most types of immigration. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  2. 2
    071885

    Finland.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 214-7. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Finland's 1985 population of 4,891,000 is projected to grow to 4,994,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 19.3% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 17.2% were over the age of 60. 16.5% and 28.0% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 3.4 to -2.4 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 73.8 to 77.3 years, the crude death rate will increase from 9.9 to 13.3, while infant mortality will decline from 6.2 to 5.0. The fertility rate will rise over the period from 1.7 to 1.8, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 13.3 to 10.9. The 1977 contraceptive prevalence rate was 80.0, while the 1980 female mean age at 1st marriage was 24.6 years. Urban population will increase from 64.0% in 1985 to 83.5% overall by the year 2025. All of these trends and indicators are considered to be acceptable by the government. Comparatively high morbidity and mortality among males, however, is of concern. Causes for such excess mortality include cardiovascular diseases, cancer, accidents, and suicide. Finland does not have an explicit population policy. Attention is presently directed toward morbidity and mortality, promoting and supporting the family, and adjusting spatial distribution. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  3. 3
    071884

    Fiji.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 210-3. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Fiji's 1985 population of 691,000 is projected to grow to 953,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 37.2% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.5% were over the age of 60. 20.8% and 17.1% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 25.7 to 6.1 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 68.9 to 76.1 years, the crude death rate will increase from 5.4 to 7.3, while infant mortality will decline from 30.8 to 10.5. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 3.5 to 1.9, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 31.1 to 13.4. The 1974 contraceptive prevalence rate was 41.0, while the 1976 female mean age at 1st marriage was 21.6 years. Urban population will increase from 41.2% in 1985 to 67.4% overall by the year 2025. Morbidity, mortality, immigration, and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, fertility, and spatial distribution are not. Fiji does not have an explicit population policy. The government does, however, have the intention to enact measures to control population growth and fertility. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  4. 4
    071883

    Ethiopia.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 206-9. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Ethiopia's 1985 population of 43,557,000 is projected to grown to 122,285,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 44.8% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.4% were over the age of 60. 37.6% and 5.3% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 26.5 to 18.9 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 40.9 to 55.9 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 23.2 to 11.0, while infant mortality will decline from 154.9 to 81.5. the fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.7 to 3.6, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 49.7 to 29.9. The 1981 contraceptive prevalence rate was 2.0, while the 1981 female mean age at 1st marriage was 17.7 years. Urban population will increase from 11.6% in 1985 or 33.8% overall by the year 2025. Immigration and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, morbidity, mortality, fertility, and spatial distribution are not. Ethiopia does not have an explicit population policy. Government policy instead focuses upon improving health and adjusting spatial distribution. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measured taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  5. 5
    071863

    China.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 126-9. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    China's 1985 population of 1,059,521,000 is projected to grown to 1,475,159,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 29.7% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 8.2% were over the age of 60. 19.5% and 19.3% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 12.3 to 5.3 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 67.8 to 75.7 years, the crude death rate will increase from 6.7 to 8.7, while infant mortality will decline from 39.3 to 11.4. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 2.4 to 2.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 19.0 to 24.0. The 1985 contraceptive prevalence rate was 74.0 while the 1982 female mean age at 1st marriages was 22.4 years. Urban population will increase from 20.6% in 1985 to 43.6% overall by the year 2025. Immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity, mortality, and too high population growth, and fertility are not. China has an explicit population policy. Controlling population growth is a major government objective. Family planning, population education, socioeconomic development are stressed with particular attention to limiting fertility while ensuring health births. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  6. 6
    071862

    Chile.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 122-5. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Chile's 1985 population of 12,038,000 is projected to grow to 18,301,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 30.2% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 8.3% were over the age of 60. 22.4% and 17.6% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 16.0 to 6.6 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 69.7 to 74.1 years, the crude death rate will increase from 6.7 to 8.9, while infant mortality will decline from 23.2 to 14.4. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 2.6l to 2.2, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 22.7 to 15.5. The 1978 contraceptive prevalence rate was 43.0, while the 1970 female mean age at 1st marriage was 23.3 years. Urban population will increase from 83.6% in 1985 to 92.7% overall by the year 2025. Morbidity, mortality, immigration, and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while spatial distribution and too low population growth and fertility are not. Chile has an explicit population policy. The government aims to increase population size and growth by reducing mortality and modifying fertility. There will not, however, be any direct, official intervention to effect desired changes in fertility. Further steps will be taken to modify spatial distribution in the country. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  7. 7
    071861

    Chad.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 118-21. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Chad's 1985 population of 5,018,000 is projected to grow to 12,356,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 42.3% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.8% were over the age of 60. 34.0% and 6.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 22.8 to 15.9 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 43.0 to 59.0 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 21.4 to 9.8, while infant mortality will decline from 142.8 to 68.9. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.9 to 2.9, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 44.2 to 25.7. The 1977 contraceptive prevalence rate was 1.0, while the 1963 female mean age at 1st marriage was 16.5 years. Urban population will increase from 27.0% in 1985 to 62.5% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, immigration, emigration, and, in part, spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity and mortality are not. Chad does not have an explicit population policy. Official attention has been limited to efforts to reduce morbidity and mortality in the country. Successive governments have attempted to improve maternal and child health, the quality of life of the poorest segments of the population, and nutrition. Further, steps have been taken to integrate women into the development process, lower mortality, and check emigration from rural areas. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  8. 8
    071860

    Central African Republic.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 114-7. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    The Central Africa Republic's 1985 population of 2,576,000 is projected to grow to 6,339,000 buy the year 2025. In 1985, 42.5% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.1% were over the age of 60. 33.9% and 6.4% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 22.8 to 15.4 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 43.0 to 59.0 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 21.8 to 9.7, while infant mortality will decline from 142.0 to 68.9. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.9 to 2.9, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 44.6 to 25.2. The 1975 female mean age at 1st marriage was 18.4 years. Urban population will increase from 42.4% in 1985 to 70.1% in overall by the year 2025. Immigration, emigration, and, in part, spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while too high population growth, morbidity, mortality, and fertility are not. The Republic does not have an explicit population policy. The government does not intervene to check population growth, and generally attributes population problems to government practices in the 1970s. Policies focus upon improving the quality of life, reducing infant and child mortality, and adjusting spatial distribution. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  9. 9
    071859

    Cape Verde.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 110-3. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Cape Verde's 1985 population of 326,000 is projected to grow to 712,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 41.1% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.8% were over the age of 60. 24.9% and 9.7% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 19.4 to 12.8 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 59,0 to 74.3 years, the crude birth death rate will decrease from 11.4 to 4.4, while infant mortality will decline from 74.7 to 14.9. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.8 to 2.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 30.9 to 17.1. Urban population will increase from 5.3% in 1985 to 19.5% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, immigration, and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity, mortality, and spatial distribution are not. Cape Verde does not have an explicit population policy. The government has, however, acknowledged the need for family planning to help bring population more in line with available resources. Rural development is a central government focus. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  10. 10
    071858

    Canada.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 106-9. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Canada's 1985 population of 25,426,000 is projected to grow to 33,261,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 21.5% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 14.8% were over the age of 60. 19.2% and 25.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will he declined from 7.8 to 2.2 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 75.7 to 78.1 years, the crude death rate will increase from 7.4 to 10.7, while infant mortality will decline from 8.8 to 5.5. The fertility rate will rise over the period from 1.7 to 2.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 15.1 to 12.9. The 1984 contraceptive prevalence rate was 73.0, while the 1981 female mean age at 1st marriage was 23.1 years. Urban population will increase from 75.9% in 1985 to 79.4% overall by the year 2025. All of these trends and indicators are considered to be acceptable by the government. Canada has an explicit population policy. Regarding fertility and choice of family size, official policy is decidedly one of non-intervention. Such choices are left to the individual. The government does, however, attempt to affect population growth through immigration policy, and its coordination with labor market conditions. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  11. 11
    071857

    Cameroon.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 102-5. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Cameroon's 1985 population of 9,873,00 is projected to grow to 27,763,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 43.3% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.1% were over the age of 60. 34.6% and 6.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 27.0 to 18.3 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 50.9 to 66.9 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 15.8 to 6.5, while infant mortality will decline from 103.2 to 40.2. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.8 to 2.9, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 42.9 to 24.8. The 1978 contraceptive prevalence rate was 2.0, while the 1976 female mean age at 1st marriage was 18.8 years. Urban population will increase from 42.4% in 1985 to 73.9% overall by the year 2025. Immigration, emigration, and, in part, spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, mortality, morbidity, and fertility are not. Cameroon does not have an explicit population policy. Of greater concern to the government are policies and efforts to reduce mortality and rural to urban migration. Direct measures to reduce fertility and lower population growth are considered inefficient and therefore not taken by the government. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  12. 12
    071855

    Burundi.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 94-7. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Burundi's 1985 population of 4,721,000 is projected to grown to 11,817,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 44.8% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.4% were over the age of 60. 30.3% and 6.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 28.2 to 13.7 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 46.5 to 62.5 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 19.0 to 8.1, while infant mortality will decline from 124.1 to 55.6. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.4 to 2.4, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 47.2 to 21.9. The 1977 contraceptive prevalence rate was 1.0, while the 1979 female mean age at 1st marriage was 20.8 years. Urban population will increase from 8.2% in 1985 to 41.2% overall by the year 2025. Immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, morbidity, mortality, and fertility are not. Burundi does not have an explicit population policy. The government has, however, developed programs to lower fertility and mortality and to adjust spatial distribution. A lack of reliable population data, qualified personnel, and appropriate government institutions have been important causal factors behind the failure to develop a comprehensive population policy despite governmental interest in lowering population growth. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  13. 13
    071854

    Burma.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 90-3. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Burma's 1985 population of 37,153,000 is projected to grown to 65,960,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 37.6% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.7% were over the age of 60. 24.1% and 12.3% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will he declined from 19.4 to 10.0 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 57.5 to 72.6 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 11.0 to 7.0, while infant mortality will decline from 70.0 to 20.2. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.1 to 2.2, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 30.5 to 17.0. The 1980 contraceptive prevalence rate was 5.0, while the 1983 female mean age at 1st marriage was 22.4 years. Urban population will increase from 23.9% in 1985 to 47.1% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity and mortality are not. Burma does not have an explicit population policy. The government emphasizes policy to both ensure population health and stimulate social and economic development. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  14. 14
    071853

    Burkina Faso.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 86-9. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Burkina Faso's 1985 population of 6,942,000 is projected to grown to 20,106,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 43.9% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.8% were over the age of 60. 37.3% and 5.7% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 27.7 to 20.4 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 45.2 to 61.2 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 20.1 to 8.7, while infant mortality will decline from 150.3 to 74.1. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.5 to 3.6, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 47.8 to 29.0. The 1975 female mean age at 1st marriage was 17.4 years. Urban population will increase from 7.9% in 1985 to 27.3% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, immigration, and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity, mortality, and spatial distribution are not. Burkina Faso does not have an explicit population policy. Concern is generally focused upon high morbidity and mortality, poor spatial distribution, and emigration patterns as they relate to the population's health and well-being. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  15. 15
    071852

    Bulgaria.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 82-5. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Bulgaria's 1985 population of 9.071,000 is projected to grow to 10,070,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 22.3% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 17.33% were over the age of 60. 20.0% and 22.2% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 4.7 to 1.9 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 71.6 to 76.8 years, the crude death rate will increase from 11.0 to 11.6, while infant mortality will decline from 17.6 to 7.2. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 2.2 to 2.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 15.7 to 13.5. The 1976 contraceptive prevalence rate was 76.0, while the 19890 female mean age at 1st marriage was 221.6 years. Urban population will increase from 66.5% in 1985 to 83.4% overall by the year 2025. Morbidity, mortality, immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while too low population growth and fertility are not. Bulgaria has an explicit population policy. Demographic policy aims to maintain moderate and stable population growth, provide for individual health, increase job opportunities, and improve living conditions and spatial distribution. Higher fertility and subsequent population growth are encouraged. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discusses, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  16. 16
    071851

    Brunei Darussalam.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 78-81. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Brunei Darussalam's 1985 population of 236,000 is projected to grow to 369,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 4.0% of the population was aged 0-14 years. The rate of natural increase was 25,0, life expectancy 73.0 years, crude death rate 4.0, infant mortality 12.0, and crude birth rate 29.0. Urban population was 58.0%. Population growth, mortality, fertility, immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government. Brunei Darussalam does not have an explicit population policy. The government does, however, aim to provide health care for all by the year 2000, and to regulate temporary labor migration. Population growth is welcomed as a means of ensuring the country's national security while providing needed labor. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  17. 17
    071850

    Brazil.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 74-7. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Brazil's 1985 population of 135,564,000 is projected to grown to 245,809,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 36.4% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.6% were over the age of 60. 24.6% and 13.8% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 22.2 to 10,0 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 63.4 to 72.1 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 8.4 to 7.6, while infant mortality will decline from 70.6 to 29.8. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 3.8 to 2.3, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 30.6 to 17.6. The 1986 contraceptive prevalence rate was 65.3, while the 1980 female mean age at 1st marriage was 22.6 years. Urban population will increase from 72.7% in 1985 to 89.0% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality is not. Brazil does not have an explicit population policy. This lack of policy is largely due to Brazil's gradual transition to more moderate levels of fertility and population growth. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  18. 18
    071849

    Botswana.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 70-3. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Botswana's 1985 population of 1,107,000 is projected to grown to 4,151,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 49.1% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 3.4% were over the age of 60. 39.0% and 5.0% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 37.3 to 24.1 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 54.5 to 69.5 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 12.6 to 4.9, while infant mortality will decline from 76.2 to 21.7. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.5 to 3.6, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 49.9 to 29.0. The 1984 contraceptive prevalence rate was 28.0, while the 1981 female mean age at 1st marriage was 26.4 years. Urban population will increase from 19.2% in 1985 to 53.0% overall by the year 2025. Immigration and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, mortality, fertility, and spatial distribution are not. Botswana does not have an explicit population policy. Improved family well-being is, however, sought through policies designed to improve health and indirectly modify fertility. Population policy as it related to development objectives, is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  19. 19
    071848

    Benin.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 58-61. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Benin's 1985 population of 4,050,000 is projected to grow to 12,701,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 46.8% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.6% were over the age of 60. 37.6% and 4.9% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 29.5 to 20.1 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 44.0 to 60.0 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 21.2 to 8.7, while infant mortality will decline from 120.1 to 52.7. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 7.0 to 3.4, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 50.7 to 28.8. The 1982 contraceptive prevalence rate was 9.0, while the 1982 female mean age at 1st marriage was 18.3 years. Urban population will increase from 35.2% in 1985 to 68.9% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, and immigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity, mortality, emigration, and spatial distribution are not. Benin does not have an explicit population policy. While the government has intervened to reduce mortality, morbidity, emigration, and adjust spatial distribution, general emphasis is placed upon improving health services, food, and education. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  20. 20
    071856

    Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 98-101. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic's 1985 population was 9,911,000. The rate of natural increase was 6.6, crude death rate 10.6, infant mortality 16.7, and crude birth rate 17.1. 59.2% of the population lived in urban areas. Population size, fertility, immigration, emigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality is not. The Republic has an explicit population policy. In addition to supporting the maintenance and potential increase of current fertility levels, policy focuses upon family formation and improving the status of working women. The government holds that population problems may be resolved through the development and socioeconomic restructuring of international economic relations and the eradication of inequality and poverty. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  21. 21
    071882

    Equatorial Guinea.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 202-5. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Equatorial Guinea's 1985 population of 392,000 is projected to grow to 937,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 41.4% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.6% were over the age of 60. 34.0% and 6.8% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 21.5 to 15.9 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 44.0 to 60.0 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 21.0 to 9.5, while infant mortality will decline from 137.3 to 65.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.7 to 3.0, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 42.5 to 25.5. Urban population will increase from 59.7% in 1985 to 81.2% overall by the year 2025. Emigration is considered to be acceptable by the government, while too low population growth and fertility, morbidity, mortality, immigration, and spatial distribution are not. Equatorial Guinea has an explicit population policy. The country having suffered a decline in population size from immigration over the period 1968-79, government policy is to increase population growth through direct and indirect intervention. Population programs address the areas of health, education, social security, housing, labor, and communication. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  22. 22
    071881

    El Salvador.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 198-201. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    El Salvador's 1985 population of 5,552,000 is projected to grow to 15,048,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 44.6% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.1% were over the age of 60. 30.8% and 8.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 32.1 to 17.8 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 64.8 to 73.1 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 8.1 to 5.2, while infant mortality will decline from 70.0 to 24.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.6 to 2.8, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 40.2 to 22.9. The 1985 contraceptive prevalence rate was 47.0, while the 1971 female mean age at 1st marriage was 19.0 years. Urban population will increase from 39.1% in 1985 to 61.2% overall by the year 2025. Immigration is considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, morbidity, mortality, fertility, emigration, and spatial distribution are not. El Salvador has an explicit population policy. Reducing population growth by directly intervening to lower fertility is a central government objective. Population programs have been incorporated as components of successive national development plans. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  23. 23
    071880

    Egypt.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 194-7. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Egypt's 1985 population of 46,909,000 is projected to grow to 90,399,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 39.6% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.2% were over the age of 60. 24.4% and 11.7% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 25.1 to 10.5 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 58.1 to 72.7 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 11.6 to 6.4, while infant mortality will decline from 100.1 to 24.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.8 to 2.2, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 36.6 to 17.0. The 1984 contraceptive prevalence rate was 30.0. Urban population will increase from 46.4% in 1985 to 70.8% overall by the year 2025. Immigration and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while high population growth, morbidity, mortality, fertility, and spatial distribution are not. Egypt has an explicit population policy. Combining social and economic policy, the government directly intervenes to decrease population growth by reducing fertility and increasing emigration. Other objectives include adjusting patterns of spatial distribution and providing primary health care. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  24. 24
    071879

    Ecuador.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 190-3. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    Ecuador's 1985 population of 9,378,000 is projected to grow to 22,910,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 41.8% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.5% were over the age of 60. 30.3% and 9.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 28.7 to 16.8 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 64.3 to 72.4 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 8.1 to 5.9, while infant mortality will decline from 69.5 to 29.3. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.0 to 2.8, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 36.8 to 22.7. The 1987 contraceptive prevalence rate was 44.0, while the 1974 female mean age at 1st marriage was 22.1 years. Urban population will increase from 52.3% in 1985 to 77.4% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while morbidity, mortality, spatial distribution, and significant immigration are not. Ecuador does not have an explicit population policy. Population-related policies are designed to adjust spatial distribution as a partial solution to the problem of urban labor absorption. No direct measures have been taken to reduce population growth. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  25. 25
    071878

    Dominican Republic.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume I. Afghanistan to France, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 186-9. (Population Studies No. 102; ST/ESA/SER.A/102)

    The Dominican Republic's 1985 population of 6,243,000 is projected to grow to 12,154,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 40.7% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.7% were over the age of 60. 25.7% and 11.8% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 25.1 to 11.7 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 62.6 to 72.4 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 8.0 to 6.5, while infant mortality will decline from 74.5 to 28.1. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.2 to 2.3, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 33.1 to 18.2. The 1986 contraceptive prevalence rate was 50.0, while the 1970 female mean age at 1st marriage was 19.7 years. Urban population will increase from 55.7% in 1985 to 79.6% overall by the year 2025. None of these trends and indicators are considered to be acceptable by the government. The Republic has an explicit population policy. The government directly intervenes to lower population growth, largely by decreasing fertility rates. Population policy combines with a policy of social and economic restructuring. Additionally, the government acknowledges the impact of past emigration in reducing population growth. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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