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Washington, D.C., USAID, August 1976. 44 pSince 1950 world population growth has risen to 2% a year, projecting a doubling of population within 35 years. Declines in mortality have been unevenly distributed: life expectancy in Latin America is 63 years, 57 in Asia, 46 in Africa. Countries with the highest mortality levels should aim at a life expectancy of at least 50 and an infant mortality rate of 120/1000 by 1985. Developing nations' growth rates are expected to decline from 2.4% to 2% by 1985. Health and nutrition programs will be integrated within the development plan and supported by social policies. Special efforts to manage services so they reach rural, remote and underprivileged people are needed. Womens' contributions in households and farms should be recognized and encouraged. Countries receiving migrant workers should be responsible for their proper treatment and physical safety. Technologies which reduce the need for manpower should be evaluated on the basis of available human resources and chosen to suit the needs of the working population. Plans for economic and social development should emphasize health and education. A population census should be taken by each country between 1975-85. Household sample surveys and demographic statistics relate closely to standards of living. All countries are encouraged to participate in the World Fertility Survey. Management training in population matters should be both national and regional and extend to labor, community leaders and government officials. The United Nations should monitor population trends and policies of the Plan of Action.