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  1. 1

    The global partnership for development: A review of MDG 8 and proposals for the post-2015 development agenda.

    Kenny C; Dykstra S

    Washington, D.C., Center for Global Development, 2013 Jul. [49] p. (CGD Policy Paper No. 026)

    The eighth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 8) covered a ‘global partnership for development’ in areas including aid, trade, debt relief, drugs and ICTs. We have seen progress as well as gaps in the areas which were covered: more aid, but with quality lagging and a link to progress in MDG areas that was weak; a better rich world performance on tariffs but one that misses increasingly important parts of trade; broadly successful debt relief but an agenda on the support for private investment left uncovered; mixed progress on drugs access and absence of a broader global public health agenda; and a global ICT revolution with weak links to the MDGs or a global partnership. Migration, non-ICT technologies, the global environment, and global institutional issues were all completely unaddressed in MDG 8. Looking forward, by 2030, a global compact on development progress linking OECD DAC aid and policy reform to low income countries as target beneficiaries (the implicit model of MDG 8) would be irrelevant to three quarters of the world. Half of the rich world will be in non-DAC countries and the share of aid in global transfers will continue to shrink. Global public goods provision will increasingly require the active participation of (at least) the G20 nations. A post-2015 global partnership agenda should involve a mixed approach to compact and partnership issues: binding ‘global compact’ targets under specific post-2015 sectoral goals focused on the role for aid alongside a standalone global public goods goal with time bound, numerical targets covering trade, investment, migration, technology, the environment and global institutions.
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  2. 2

    [The Permanent Household Survey: provisional results, 1985] Enquete Permanente Aupres des Menages: resultats provisoires 1985

    Ivory Coast. Ministere de l'Economie et des Finances. Direction de la Statistique

    Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Ivory Coast. Ministere de l'Economie et des Finances. Direction de la Statistique, 1985. 76 p.

    This preliminary statistical report provides an overview of selected key economic and social indicators drawn from a data collection system recently implemented in the Ivory Coast. The Ivory Coast's Direction de la Statistique and the World Bank's Development Research Department are collaborating, under the auspices of the Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study, to interview 160 households per month on a continuous basis for 10 months out of the year. Data are collected concerning population size, age structure, sex distribution, family size, nationality, proportion of female heads of household, fertility, migration, health, education, type of residence, occupations, employment status, financial assistance among family members, and consumption. Annual statistical reports based on each round of the survey are to be published, along with brief semiannual updates.
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  3. 3

    Statement: Philippines.

    Templo O

    [Unpublished] 1999. Presented at the United Nations Commission on Population and Development, Thirty-second session, New York, New York, March 22-31, 1999 [3] p.

    In this document, Ms. Ofelia Templo, the Assistant Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority of the Philippines, addresses the 32nd session of the Commission on Population and Development on March 23, 1999, at New York. Two reports, each pertaining to migration and financial resource flows, have been prepared for the session . The Philippines has performed relatively well in relation to the goals set out by ICPD, particularly in the policy, legislative and institutional changes it has made. The shift in policy direction of the Philippine Population Management Program from a demographic target-centered approach to a client-centered, integrated reproductive health approach is one of the significant achievements of the country. This shift highlights the important role that civil society groups have played in the implementation of the population framework; their participation has led to a viable partnership with non-governmental organizations. As its final point, the Philippine delegation commends the UN Population Fund for preparing its report on financial assistance for implementation of the ICPD Program of Action.
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  4. 4

    Statement: India.

    Chaturvedi YN

    [Unpublished] 1999. Presented at the United Nations Commission on Population and Development, Thirty-second session, New York, New York, March 22-31, 1999 [3] p.

    This is a statement delivered by the Secretary of the Department of Family Welfare of the Government of India at the Thirty-second Session of the UN Commission on Population and Development. India, according to the Secretary, has been able to relate its population problem to important elements of population growth, structure and distribution. India is experiencing a growing urbanization of population distribution. International migration has an impact on both sending and receiving countries. There is a relationship between the macroeconomic environment, population growth rate, and the elimination of poverty. India supports the conclusion drawn in the report on International Migration and Development that the introduction of ill-conceived control mechanisms or a disproportionate focus on control might contribute to irregular migration. With respect to the report on the flow of financial resources, India believes that the Special Session of the General Assembly in June must provide the necessary impetus for improvements in funding and should generate the political will for meeting the domestic resource mobilization commitments. The patterns of external assistance and domestic expenditure are highly congruent, but the decline from 31% to 24% in the share of external assistance borne by multilateral organizations is significant. The statistic needs to be reversed in order to preserve and promote multilateralism and multilateral development cooperation. In conclusion, India expresses its commitment to increasing social spending in its budget and plan outlays.
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  5. 5

    Using migration to enhance economic development in the Caribbean: three sets of proposals.

    Pastor RA; Rogers R

    In: Migration and development in the Caribbean: the unexplored connection. Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1985. 321-47. (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.)

    Although emigration from the Caribbean has long been viewed as beneficial to the region's economic development, it is increasingly clear that it also represents an impediment and a lost opportunity. After analyzing migration-for-development programs for other regions and identifying those factors that were most effective while also relevant to the Caribbean, the authors propose a set of programs that would reduce the cost of emigration to Caribbean development and multiply the benefits. The proposals include 1) Caribbean remittance banks, 2) incentive programs to recruit US-based Caribbean professionals from private and public life, and 3) a set of measures to encourage the next generation of Caribbean professionals to use their skills in their home countries. An alternative is presented that is between the statist approach to emigration of the Cuban government and the wholly individualistic approach of the rest of the Caribbean governments. It uses the available ways to reconcile the personal right to emigrate with the collective concern for economic development. It involves steps by Caribbean governments, by donor governments like that of the US who are interested in the region, and by international development institutions. To the extent that economic development is a primary concern of those interested in the Caribbean, increased attention should be given to migration as a central factor in the development equation.
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  6. 6

    Policy initiatives of the multilateral development banks and the United Nations specialized agencies.

    Brown GA

    In: Migration and development in the Caribbean: the unexplored connection. Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1985. 301-20. (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.)

    The International Labour office (ILO) of the UN analyzes manpower supply and demand and creates guidelines on the treatment of both legal and illegal migrant workers. The UN Economic and Social council (ECOSOC) oversees economic and social issues concerning population. The World Health Organization (WHO) oversees health issues relating to population. The World Bank has been the active member of the World Bank group in Latin America and the Caribbean because only Haiti qualifies to borrow from the soft loan affiliate of the Bank--the International Development Association (IDA). In 1983, the World Bank/IDA made 12 loans to the Caribbean countries totaling $205 million, $120 million of which went to Jamaica. The Bank has shown that special techniques are needed for successful rural development projects involving community understanding and participation, and that traditional development techniques will not work. An interesting change in World Bank philosophy and policy has been the recognition of the need for devising and adopting appropriate technologies to the needs of the rural areas; such technologies include community involvement in water and sanitation, the use of simple hand pumps, low-cost housing, and small-scale irrigation. These solutions are a far cry from the earlier belief that the large dam and power station and the mechanization of agriculture are the cure-all. The 3rd institution specifically geared to making loans to the Caribbean countries is the Caribbean Development Bank, whose accumulated lending amounted to $435 million as of 31 December 1983.
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  7. 7

    Banking and other facilities for remittances by migrant workers from the ESCAP Region to the Middle East.

    Ali M

    [Unpublished, 1985]. 40 p. (DP/RILM/7.)

    This paper focuses on the labor-importing countries of the Middle East and how to maximize the flow of remittances to labor-exporting countries. This can be achieved if expatriate workers from Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) member countries employed in the Middle East remit their earnings to home countries in foreign exchange through official banking channels, comprising both commercial banks and exchange companies operating in the host countries. In general, there is no lack of banking facilities is Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain. Due to the slump in oil prices, banking capacity may be excessive. United Arab Emirates is now engaged in consolidating its banks. In all 3 countries, banking is organized on modern lines, but they can be induced to improve their performance, cooperate with each other in the field of remittances, and handle remittances for all the labor-exporting ESCAP countries without discrimination. Labor-importing Economic Commission For Western Asia (ECWA) countries could be approached to help fill existing gaps. For instance, Saudi Arabia could be requested to allow banking on Thursday evenings or to permit joint venture exchange companies, managed by ESCAP banks, to provide remittance facilities at remote sites where neither bank branches nor offices of domestic exchange companies exist. Mobile banking is another possibility. As far as clandestine dealers are concerned, the position is rather difficult. They are not guilty of any breach of law. Perhaps new legislation could curb their activities within the countries concerned, so as to throttle their business outside. The labor-exporting countries must 1st do all that lies in their power, individually and collectively, to tackle the problem of leakage of foreign exchange earnings.
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  8. 8

    Report of the Director-General. Growth and adjustment in Asia: issues of employment, productivity, migration and women workers.

    International Labour Office [ILO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, International Labour Office, 1985. iv, 127 p.

    This report presents the activities of the International Labour Office (ILO) in Asia for the 5 years since the ILO's Ninth Asian Regional Conference of 1980. The economic recession has severely affected socioeconomic development in many states. Per capita income has fallen in a number of poorer developing countries, due to rapid population growth. The impact of the recession has varied greatly; the average rate of growth of South East Asian economies in the 1980s was higher than those of other regions. However, the recession has inevitably brought about a fall in tax receipts and thus increased budget deficits. Technical cooperation remains a major means for the ILO to achieve its goals, but its technical cooperation program faces severe funding constraints now. Regional projects now promote technical cooperation among developing countries (TCDC). This report 1) highlights the major development issues of the 1980s in Asia, 2) reviews ILO operations in the region for 1980-1984, 3) summarizes TCDC activities and identifies the ways of promoting TCDC in the region, 4) considers the issues of Asian migrant workers and female employment, and 5) formulates conclusions. An appendix reports on actions taken on the conclusions and resolutions adopted by the Ninth Asian Regional Conference.
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  9. 9

    [Papers presented at the First Study Director's Meeting on Comparative Study on Demographic-Economic Interrelationship for Selected ESCAP Countries, 29 October-2 November 1984, Bangkok, Thailand]

    United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]

    [Unpublished, 1984]. [82] p.

    This study group report 1) investigates quantitatively the process of population change and socioeconomic development to identify policy recommendations for Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand and 2) examines the application of the "systems approach" and econometric technics for population and development planning. These country-specific studies will help to clarify the interrelationships between demographic and socioeconomic factors in the development process of each participating country and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) region in general. The meeting 1) reviewed major demographic and economic issues in each participating country, 2) reviewed extant work on model building in each country, and 3) outlined a preliminary system design. Several economic-demographic models are discussed. The participants recommended that 1) the models focus of similar issues such as migration and income distribution and 2) countries should adopt, whenever possible, a similar modeling methodology. Participants agreed that models should be based, where possible, on a base-year Social Accounting Matrix (SAM). This poses no problems in Thailand or Malaysia as SAMs are already available for these countries. However, no SAM is currently available for the Philippines. Participants further recommended that the 3 models could be improved by greater collaboration among study directors during model formulation and estimation. Participants also expressed concern about the size of the computing budget and thought that models could be improved by an increased budget for computer time.
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  10. 10

    China: report of Mission on Needs Assessment for Population Assistance.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1984 May. xii, 156 p. (Report No. 67)

    A Needs Assessment and Program Development Mission visited the People's Republic of China from March 7 to April 16, 1983 to: review and analyze the country's population situation within the context of national population goals as well as population related development objectives, strategies, and programs; make recommendations on the future orientation and scope of national objectives and programs for strengthening or establishing new objectives, strategies, and programs; and make recommendations on program areas in need of external assistance within the framework of the recommended national population program and for geographical areas. This report summarizes the needs and recommendations in regard to: population policies and policy-related research; demographic research and training; basic population data collection and analysis; maternal and child health and family planning services; management training support for family planning services; logistics of contraceptive supply; management information system; family planning communication and education; family planning program research and evaluation; contraceptive production; research in human reproduction and contraceptives; population education and dissemination of population information; and special groups and multisectoral activities. The report also presents information on the national setting (geographical and cultural features, government and administration, the economy, and the evolution of socioeconomic development planning) and demographic features (population size, characteristics, and distribution, nationwide and demographic characteristics in geographical core areas). Based on its assessment of needs, the Mission identified mjaor priorities for assistance in the population field. Because of China's size and vast needs, external assistance for population programs would be diluted if provided to all provincial and lower administrative levels. Thus, the Mission suggests that a substantial portion of available resources be concentrated in 3 provinces as core areas: Sichuan, the most populous province (100,220,000 people by the end of 1982); Guandong, the province with the highest birthrate (25/1000); and Jiangsu, the most densely populated province (608 persons/square kilometer. In all the government has identified 11 provinces needing special attention in the next few years: Anhui, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Shaanxi and Shandong, in addition to Guangdong, Jiangsu, and Sichuan.
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  11. 11

    The Pre-Implementation Meeting of Phase-Two ASEAN Population Programme, Penang, Malaysia, 2-6 September 1980: revised project proposals. Vol 2.

    Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]. Population Coordination Unit; Malaysia. National Family Planning Board

    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, National Family Planning Board, [1981]. 330 p.

    This document presents a revised project proposal for phase 2 of the ASEAN Population Program; the countries directly involved in the program are Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Singapore. Areas to be touched by the program are: 1) institutional development and exchange of personnel; 2) women and development; 3) developing and strengthening of national population information systems and networks in the countries involved in the program; 4) population and development dynamics and the balance between man and resources; 5) studies on health and family problems; 6) studies on population migratory movements and development; and 7) development of ASEAN social indicators. Objectives of the activities planned for the 1st area are to improve the various population programs by strengthening the institutional capabilities of all agencies concerned, and to disseminate experiences gained by personnel in 1 country to other countries. The objective of the activities planned in the 2nd area is to achieve the active involvement of women in socioeconomic activities by establishing service centers for women in both rural and urban areas. Objectives of the activities planned for the 3rd area are to further development of national population information centers through networking or linkage of the activities of the various information producers, and to further the development of the dissemination and provision of information. The objective of the activities planned in the 4th area is to promote and assist the development of comprehensive policies and programs dealing with population, resources, and environment. The objective of the activities planned in the 5th area is to make a comprehensive analysis of the total health and family planning delivery system in the countries concerned, focusing on the collection of primary data through surveys and studies. Objectives of the activities planned for the 6th area are to undertake research in an attempt to investigate the relationship between population migratory movements and development. The objective of the planned activities in the 7th area is to develop social indicators in the areas of population, income, health, education, and other social measures, to be utilized for planning purposes at the national level. The document includes the cost of the project for each of the areas considered and for each of the countries involved in the project. For each of the projects the expected time of duration is given. Activities planned for each area by each of the countries involved in the program are listed.
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  12. 12

    Report to the General Assembly, statement made to the Second Committee of the United Nations General Assembly at its Thirty-seventh Session, United Nations, New York, 5 October 1982.

    Salas RM

    New York, N.Y., UNFPA, [1982]. 7 p. (Speech Series No. 82)

    This statement highlights the UNFPA's activities for 1981 and discusses some of the current issues facing the international population community. Specifically, income in 1981 totalled US$125.5 million, project allocations totalled US$131.2 million, expenditures totalled US$136.4 million, project implementation rate was 93.3%, and 209 new projects were approved in 1981. Some of the major concerns of the UNFPA's program of assistance are family planning programs, rapid urbanization and the need for new policies, social policies for the increasing number of aged, research in internal and international migration, programs involving participation of women, community participation in family planning programs, and biomedical research.
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  13. 13

    [Report of the Latin American regional meeting conducted in preparation for the International Conference on Population within the framework of the 7th session of the Committee of High-Level Government Experts] Informe de la reunion regional Latino Americana preparatoria de la Conferencia Internacional sobre Poblacion, realizada en el marco del septimo periodo de sesiones del Comite de Expertos Gubernamentales de Alto Nivel.

    Comite de Expertos Gubernamentales de Alto Nivel [CEGAN]

    Notas de Poblacion. 1983 Dec; 11(33):141-64.

    The meeting adopted 3 resolutions. 1) Adopt the Regional Population Program proposed by the Latin American Center for Demography (CELADE) in its document E/CEPAL/CEGAN/POB.2/L.5, as ammended, and include the study, promotion, and preservation of the families as 1 of the activities of the Regional Program. 2) Expedite the decentralization of the activities of the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA) with respect to population; strengthen CELADE's work program; foster the participation of the community and of institutions of higher education in CELADE's actities; deploy national personnel with expertise in demography and related areas to CELADE; and promote the creation of a regional fund to be administered by ECLA for the sponsoring of technical assistance and training programs. 3) A summary of the Latin American position at the International Conference on Population reaffirming the principles adopted in the World Population Plan of Action. It recommends the adoption of a final report containing a statement of principles and universal recommendations; the formulation and implementation of population policies as a sovereign right of each nation; the development of a population policy within a development framework; the initiation of regional activities in accordance with the WPPA; the fostering of voluntary meand of population control, in accordance with social and cultural values; the control of disease and the development of nutrition programs; the developing of regional policies with respect to internal migration; the training of human resources in the areas of population, demography, health, migration, and related fields; improving demographic research; and the strenghtening of all UN regional bodies related to population planning.
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