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    784462

    Drugs and the Third World.

    Agarwal A

    London, England, Earthscan, 1978 Aug. 70 p.

    This publication is the 1st overall description of the UN drug strategy, involving 5 UN agencies in an undeclared war on the drug companies over "drug colonialism". Tools the agencies are using include a basic drugs list; bulk buying; new patent laws; small-scale manufacturing; and traditional herbs. The ways in which the multinational drug companies work in developing countries is described in detail, in addition to various UN agency policies; results of actions taken by Sri Lanka, India, and other nations against the drug firms; and what industry thinks of the UN plans. Contents of the report include: 1) the Colombo Summit and UN strategy on cooperation among developing nations concerning pharmaceuticals; 2) the structure of the drug industry; high drug prices; drugs for tropical diseases; 3) a basic drugs list: WHO; national lists; industrial and professional resistance; high cost of drugs in Tanzania; industry criticism of essential drug lists; 4) generic versus brand names; 5) bulk purchasing: missions and UNICEF; a UN buying agency; Sri Lanka's experience; regional bulk buying; 6) producing drugs locally through foreign investment: Sri Lanka and India; 7) producing drugs locally through a controlled foreign sector: control of restrictive business practices and patents; 8) producing drugs locally through national self reliance: small-scale plants; barefoot pharmacists; 9) traditional herbs; 10) appropriate drug technologies: fear of the multinationals; quality control; regional drug centers; and 11) primary health care and political will.
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