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  1. 1

    The World Bank atlas, 1986.

    World Bank

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, 1986. 28 p.

    This atlas presents data on population, gross national product (GNP), and GNP per capita for 1983 in current US dollars for 184 countries and territories. In addition, preliminary estimates for each of these indicators for 1984, annual growth rates for 1973-1983, data on life expectancy, infant mortality, and primary school enrollment are also included. Using color-coded maps of the world to designate different levels for various factors, the maps are easy to read. A comprehensive chart lists all statistics included in the maps. Population growth in the developing countries peaked at 2.4% a year in 1965; this rate has since fallen to about 2.1%, with much of the decline occurring in China. Of the 1.5 billion people that will be added before the end of the century, more than 1/2 will be in countries with a GNP per capita of $400 or less. About 1/6 of the world's people live in countries with a GNP per capita of more than $5500. About 1/10 of the world population live in countries where the average life expectancy at birth is less than 50 years. Life expectancy is closely related to a country's average income. The proportion of infants who die in their 1st year has dropped by 1/2 since 1960, and primary school enrollments in developing countries are twice what they were in 1960--almost 500 million, up from about 240 million.
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  2. 2

    Features of the 1982 China census from international standpoint.

    Kannisto V

    In: A census of one billion people. Papers for International Seminar on China's 1982 Population Census, edited by Li Chengrui. Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1986. 37-52.

    This paper examines how the 1982 China census met the standards prevalent in the world at large and formulated by the international community into recommendations under UN guidance. It also examines to what extent the China census met the recommendations, what alternatives were adopted and why, and what methods it used to carry them out. China's 1982 census met the criteria of individual enumeration, universality, simultaneity, and defined periodicity. The 1982 census was a register-based de jure census in which the field interview and its checks determined the final content of census information. It was necesary to restrict the number of census questions to fewer than would have been desirable. The questionnaire included 5 household and 13 individual topics. Questions on live births and deaths in the household since 1981 were included, although not generally recommended. Age data is unusually accurate due to people's awareness of what animal sign they were born under. Housing questions were not asked in this census, but may be included in the next census. Sampling was used only in the small-scale post-enumeration survey. In China, the administrative network is so complete and reaches down to so small a unit that no further subdivision for census purposes is needed at all. A most unconventional feature of the censuses of China has been the virtually complete absence of mapping. An extensive program of 4887 pilot censuses ensured the success of the full census. The publicity effort involved 2-way communication from the national office to the public and back. The issue of confidentiality was felt to be problematical in China and best solved by not asking questions that people would be reluctant to answer. The method of enumeration differed greatly from the usual ones in that it centered on enumeration stations with home visits used to a lesser extent. Several questions were precoded, but the enumerator had to write in the number as well as circle the correct item. 10% advance tabulations were made for all units and found to be very representative.
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