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  1. 1

    Report on organization and conduct of [Sub-Regional] Training Workshop on Census Cartography for English-Speaking Southern and Eastern African Countries. Nairobi, Kenya, 8-19 May, 1989.

    United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa

    [Unpublished] 1989. 9, [9] p. (ECA.STAT/CSAS.1/89/13; RAF/87/P03)

    A recent workshop was organized for the English-speaking countries of Southern and Eastern Africa to use remote sensing materials for census mapping. This included lectures on interpretation of aerial photographs and satellite imagery and its applications to census mapping. The participants were senior statisticians or cartographers in management positions in their countries. the subjects included fundamentals of map interpretation, a laboratory of topographic map reading and scale conversions, census cartography with the definition of census, roles of maps in the census, and planning a census mapping program. The pre- enumeration of cartographic programs and cartographic field work were also covered. The automation of census cartography with the use of micro-computers in the preparation of thematic maps and charts, the delineation and mapping of enumeration and supervision areas, and post- enumeration census mapping activities. This was followed by publication maps, satellite imagery and its uses in census mapping. A field demonstration was then conducted on satellite imagery interpretation and delineation. At the conclusion of the workshop and evaluation was done by questionnaire. The results indicated a need by the participants for more technical documentation on various aspects of computer mapping, especially on equipment, software, and material support. Computer mapping and the publication maps were considered by some as the most important part, and therefore would need additional technical expertise for implementation in their countries.
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  2. 2

    Features of the 1982 China census from international standpoint.

    Kannisto V

    In: A census of one billion people. Papers for International Seminar on China's 1982 Population Census, edited by Li Chengrui. Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1986. 37-52.

    This paper examines how the 1982 China census met the standards prevalent in the world at large and formulated by the international community into recommendations under UN guidance. It also examines to what extent the China census met the recommendations, what alternatives were adopted and why, and what methods it used to carry them out. China's 1982 census met the criteria of individual enumeration, universality, simultaneity, and defined periodicity. The 1982 census was a register-based de jure census in which the field interview and its checks determined the final content of census information. It was necesary to restrict the number of census questions to fewer than would have been desirable. The questionnaire included 5 household and 13 individual topics. Questions on live births and deaths in the household since 1981 were included, although not generally recommended. Age data is unusually accurate due to people's awareness of what animal sign they were born under. Housing questions were not asked in this census, but may be included in the next census. Sampling was used only in the small-scale post-enumeration survey. In China, the administrative network is so complete and reaches down to so small a unit that no further subdivision for census purposes is needed at all. A most unconventional feature of the censuses of China has been the virtually complete absence of mapping. An extensive program of 4887 pilot censuses ensured the success of the full census. The publicity effort involved 2-way communication from the national office to the public and back. The issue of confidentiality was felt to be problematical in China and best solved by not asking questions that people would be reluctant to answer. The method of enumeration differed greatly from the usual ones in that it centered on enumeration stations with home visits used to a lesser extent. Several questions were precoded, but the enumerator had to write in the number as well as circle the correct item. 10% advance tabulations were made for all units and found to be very representative.
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