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  1. 1

    Measuring childhood mortality: a guide for simple surveys.

    David PH; Bisharat L; Hill AG; Bennett S

    Amman, Jordan, United Nations Children's Fund, Regional Office of the Middle East and North America, 1990. 172 p.

    This handbook is intended to aid the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) handle surveys of childhood mortality added to vaccination coverage surveys (expanded program of immunization- -EPI) surveys or to diarrheal mortality and morbidity surveys (MMT). By including all women of reproductive ages in each household as part of EPI coverage surveys, the survey window has widened. The core modality module (CMM) locks neatly into this flow. It is not intended to be a substitute for other ways to measure child mortality. Infant and under- age-5 mortality are indicators of social welfare. The reasons why these surveys are called "simple" or "rapid" are listed. Measurement of mortality is covered in Chapter 1. The Brass method, the birth history, the preceding births technique, and the design and execution of a simple mortality survey are discussed here. Formulating the questionnaire is covered in the next chapter. Discussed here are the mortality module; translation, layout and pretesting of the questionnaire; the screening questionnaire, and the mortality questionnaire (Modules A and B). Chapter 3 discusses the design of a sample survey to measure childhood mortality. Discussed here are cluster and stratified sampling, modifying EPI surveys for purposes of mortality estimation, selecting the sample and the clusters, determining sample size, and the requirements of a good sample. Collecting the data is discussed in chapter 4. Topics discussed include field work, preparation of the interview instructions, field supervisor and interviewers, selection and training of field staff, training course outline, selecting households in the sample, quality control; supervisor's responsibilities, how to handle an interview, and how to fill in the questionnaire. The 5th chapter discusses data analysis. Under data analysis, data tabulation of the mortality data, the Brass estimates of childhood mortality and trends, preceding birth technique estimates, estimates from the short birth history, technical note: calculating sampling error for proportions and points to remember are described. How to write the report is discussed in chapter 6.
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  2. 2

    Handbook of population and housing census methods, part VI: sampling in connection with population and housing censuses.

    United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistical Office

    New York, New York, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 1971. v, 34 p. (Studies in Methods, Series F, No. 16.; ST/STAT/SER.F/16 (Part VI).)

    This is the 6th part of a 7-part HANDBOOK OF POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS METHODS. This handbook is intended to give assistance to governments in the implementation of the PRINCIPLES AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE 1970 POPULATION CENSUSES and the PRINCIPLES AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE 1970 HOUSING CENSUSES. Accordingly, it elaborates on the various aspects of census work that are briefly presented in the 2 sets of recommendations, and offers suggested approaches to problems frequently encountered in the planning and execution of population and housing censuses. Part VI of the handbook is concerned with sampling in connection with population and housing censuses. Chapter I on sampling a an integral part of the census covers general considerations, advantages and disadvantages of sampling and conditions of acceptable sample operations, and applications of sampling methods. Chapter II deals with the census as a basis for subsequent sample inquiries.
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