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Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2000 Oct. 16 p. (UNAIDS Best Practice Collection; UNAIDS Technical Update)Palliative care aims to achieve the best quality of life for patients (and their families) suffering from life-threatening and incurable illness, including HIV/AIDS. Crucial elements are the relief of all pain- physical, psychological, spiritual and social and enabling and supporting caregivers to work through their own emotions and grief. Palliative care has relieved the intense, broad suffering of people living with HIV/AIDS but the latter brings a number of challenges to its philosophy and practice including: The complex disease process with its unpredictable course and wide range of complications, which means that palliative care has to balance acute treatment with the control of chronic symptoms; Complex treatments which can overstretch health services; The stigmatization and discrimination faced by most people living with HIV/AIDS; Complex family issues, such as infection of both partners; Role reversal in families, such as young children looking after their parents; Burdens on health care workers. (excerpt)
Manila, Philippines, WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, . 71 p.The purpose of this publication is to outline ways of responding to the health needs of ageing populations in developing countries. It focuses on the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). The aims of the paper are essentially practical in that it seeks to provide health workers with a framework for selecting appropriate ways of approaching the tasks of improving quality of life, disease prevention and health services delivery for older people. Populations in all countries of the Western Pacific Region are ageing – an increasing proportion of people are aged 65 and over. This, together with changing lifestyles, means that there has been a radical shift in the types of health problems facing health workers in developing countries. Increasingly, health policies and programmes will have to address the demands posed by the rapidly emerging epidemic in chronic, noncommunicable, lifestyle-based diseases and disabilities. While these diseases present a challenge for health policy for people at all stages of the life course, they are particularly evident among older people where their impact is more obvious. The growing proportion of elderly people among the population simply highlights the importance of addressing these health problems. (excerpt)
[Integrated family planning for small farmers: a handbook] Planeamento familiar integrado para pequenos agricultores: um manual.
Rome, Italy, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1985. iv, 57,  p.The objective of this training program manual was the elevation of the knowledge levels of Group Organizers and Action Research Fellows (GP/ARFs) of countries that participated in the Small Farmers Development Project (SFDP) launched by the Regional, Office for Asia and the Pacific of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The SFDP had the mission of increasing technical knowledge to small farmer to curtail the dichotomy of rapid population growth in Asian countries which started in the 1970s and the faltering agricultural output. A survey of agrarian reform (ASARRD) was also launched, and, after the implementation of SFDP in 1976 by Bangladesh, Nepal, and the Philippines, a family planning (FP) program (PopEd) was initiated in 1978 under SFDP in these countries. Income generating projects aimed at improving the quality of life of small farmers, Family Planning Education had the objective of disseminating FP information; however, after initial success, practical application bogged down. Thus, PopEd introduced a new strategy of training GO/ARFs, as group organizers and mobilizers, to enhance their knowledge about the relationship of poverty, development, and population growth, about its applicability to small farmers, and about the role of communication. The planning, management, and evaluation of the training program is detailed, with an overview of FAO programs for small farmers.