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  1. 1

    Ageing and health: a health promotion approach for developing countries.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for the Western Pacific

    Manila, Philippines, WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, [2003]. 71 p.

    The purpose of this publication is to outline ways of responding to the health needs of ageing populations in developing countries. It focuses on the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). The aims of the paper are essentially practical in that it seeks to provide health workers with a framework for selecting appropriate ways of approaching the tasks of improving quality of life, disease prevention and health services delivery for older people. Populations in all countries of the Western Pacific Region are ageing ā€“ an increasing proportion of people are aged 65 and over. This, together with changing lifestyles, means that there has been a radical shift in the types of health problems facing health workers in developing countries. Increasingly, health policies and programmes will have to address the demands posed by the rapidly emerging epidemic in chronic, noncommunicable, lifestyle-based diseases and disabilities. While these diseases present a challenge for health policy for people at all stages of the life course, they are particularly evident among older people where their impact is more obvious. The growing proportion of elderly people among the population simply highlights the importance of addressing these health problems. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Training in the management of severe malnutrition.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of Nutrition for Health and Development

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, 2003. [2] p.

    Malnutrition contributes to an estimated 60% of deaths in under-five children. Typically, the median case fatality rate for severe malnutrition ranges from 30ā€“50%. This has remained unchanged in most settings for the past five decades. However, it is possible to reduce mortality rates substantially by modifying treatment to take account of the physiological and metabolic changes that occur in cases of severe malnutrition. Case fatality rates have decreased to below 5% in treatment centres applying an appropriate management scheme recommended in WHO guidelines. (excerpt)
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