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  1. 1
    292882
    Peer Reviewed

    Population division, department of economic and social affairs, United Nations, MORTPAK for windows version 4.0.

    Al-Yaman F

    Journal of Population Research. 2004 Nov; [4] p..

    The United Nations has released Version 4.0 of its demographic software package MORTPAK. Although MORTPAK 4.0 is designed primarily to estimate mortality, it includes population projections, life tables and stable-population construction, graduation of mortality data, indirect mortality estimations, indirect fertility estimations, and other indirect procedures for evaluating age distributions and the completeness of censuses. For a more comprehensive analysis of mortality however, it is recommended that both the MORTPAK 4.0 package and the US Bureau of the Census spreadsheets (PAS) be used. MORTPAK 4.0 takes advantage of a Windows user interface. While previous DOS versions have been used by demographers since the 1980s, data entry is now on worksheets that resemble spreadsheets, but do not have the functionality of a full spreadsheet. After a new MORTPAK worksheet has been opened, data prepared on a spreadsheet can be pasted into it and the selected application run from dropdown menus. After a selected MORTPAK application has been run, the results can be copied and pasted back into a spreadsheet for further calculation or for creating graphs. The graphing capabilities of MORTPAK itself are still not well developed. MORTPAK output now takes two forms: one recognizable to users of older versions is called document output and is ready for exporting to a Word document in rich text format; the second is placed onto the worksheet and can be copied into a spreadsheet. MORTPAK 4.0 can import data from previous versions of MORTPAK. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    129385

    Population issues briefing kit 1997.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1997. 24 p.

    This UN Population Fund Briefing Kit for 1997 provides information on ten topics. The first discussion, on reproductive rights, reproductive health, and family planning (FP) is augmented by information on how FP saves lives by allowing women to properly time, space, and end births and on recognition of the human right to plan and regulate family size. Section 2 covers issues related to population, development, and the empowerment of women and reviews the mandates included in the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, the 1995 World Summit for Social Development, and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women. Section 3 links population with sustainable development and environmental degradation and calls for recognition of the skill of women as effective managers of natural resources. The fourth section reviews population trends which estimate an annual increase in world population of 81 million people at a growth rate of 1.5%. Section 5 presents demographic trends by region and highlights the concepts of the "rate of natural increase" and of the "total fertility rate." Section 6 considers migration in terms of internal migration and urbanization and of international migration. The seventh section discusses information, education, and communication as a means of increasing the empowerment contained in the acquisition of knowledge. Section 8 covers the data barrier posed by the lack of reliable vital statistics and/or the failure to disaggregate data in many countries. Filling this data gap is shown to be a priority, especially in order to include the work of women in national accounting and censuses. Section 9 outlines the challenges for population programs in the 21st century, and the final section considers the necessity to craft policies to support the family in its role of providing support and protection for its members.
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  3. 3
    112568

    The role of population information. Model for information work.

    Villanueva CL

    [Unpublished] [1994]. 41 p.

    This paper provides general information on the importance of population statistics and a general model for establishment of information services in Asia that support UN family planning and national population programs. Population information is defined as "primary facts and data generated from research studies...and secondary analysis of information" presented in a variety of formats. The International Conference on Population and Development identified three major program areas: reproductive health and family planning, population policy, and advocacy. These program areas help define the target users in need of information services and the nature and extent of data needs. The process of establishment of information services is identified as establishment of a conceptual framework, rationale for an effective documentation/information service, and procedures for identifying the nature of services. Information services could potentially involve a collection of resources on population, a lending library of information, specialized documentation centers which evaluate information sources, and clearinghouses and information centers. The model for setting up a documentation or information services is described as including 1) the identification of users' profiles and information needs, 2) development of the infrastructure and resources and databases, 3) development of the format for processing information, 4) provision of outreach services, and 5) measurement of users' satisfaction and feedback. Each of the five points in setting up an information service is included in expanded discussion of the topic. The real measure of effectiveness is considered to be the dissemination process and not the number of books or the way the books are organized. The dissemination process should involve repackaging of information as a saving tool, as a selective and systematic sorter of information, as a means for extensive transmission and delivery of information, as a translation tool, as an opportunity for the practical application of research results, and as a means of prompt delivery of updated information.
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