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  1. 1

    Integrating maternal and child health services with primary health care: practical considerations.

    Hart RH; Belsey MA; Tarimo E

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 1990. iii, 92 p.

    The introductory chapter in this book notes that it is aimed at program managers and that it examines the integration of maternal-child health services (including family planning) with primary health care. The book identifies barriers to such integration, clarifies the issues involved, and provides examples of current innovations in the field. Chapter 2 provides background information on maternal and child health and primary health care. The third chapter gives an overview of program-related issues such as putting integration in place, the use of static versus mobile health units, expanded coverage, utilization of the work-force, appropriate technology, support services, cost effectiveness, using the epidemiological concepts of relative and attributable risk, health systems research, community relations, and finances. Chapter 4 considers how to plan integrated services at the community, health center, district, and national levels. The summary contained in the final chapter points out that the integration of maternal-child health services within primary health care will lead to wider health coverage, more efficient use of personnel, and greater cost effectiveness.
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  2. 2

    Care of mother and baby at the health centre: a practical guide. Report of a technical working group.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Division of Family Health. Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, Division of Family Health, Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, 1994. [3], 55 p. (Safe Motherhood Practical Guide; WHO/FHE/MSM/94.2)

    This report is designed for health planners and program managers to improve access to health and to decentralize maternal and newborn health care. It covers secondary care services that traditional birth attendants (TBAs), midwives, and other nonphysician health workers in health centers can perform. Specifically, it defines the tasks and skills required to provide comprehensive care of mother and infant at the health center and in the community. It also looks at the role of the health center in training, supervision, and continuing logistic support for community based care. The first chapter examines the health center's role in maternal health and the 3 approaches to integrated care: vertical integration, integration across time, and horizontal integration. The next chapter reviews the essential elements of obstetric and neonatal care, including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. Topics discussed in the chapter on developing and maintaining a functional referral system include referral protocols, functional links with referral centers, obstetric first aid, maternity waiting homes, transport and communication, and reception of referred cases in referral centers. Institutional support mechanisms (chapter 4) are training; teamwork and supervision; logistics, maintenance, and essential drugs and supplies; management, communication, and interpersonal skills; and data collection and research. Topics included in the chapter on community support systems are TBA training and retraining, integrating the TBA into the health care system, IEC, and community support mechanisms for the health of mothers and newborns. The last chapter revolves around evaluation and monitoring, including estimating catchment area and coverage, monitoring quality of care for mothers and newborns, performance indicators, record keeping, and home-based maternal records.
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