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  1. 1

    A practical guide for engaging with mobile network operators in mHealth for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health.

    World Health Organization [WHO]; United Nations Foundation

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2015. [36] p.

    The field of mobile health (mHealth) is experiencing a real need for guidance on public-private partnerships among players as diverse as the mobile industry, technology vendors, government stakeholders and mHealth service providers. This guide provides a practical resource for mHealth service providers (e.g. developers and implementers) to partner more strategically with one of these critical players -- the mobile network operators (MNOs). Despite the growing literature on how to develop partnerships, there is a lack of clear, practical strategies for the health community to engage with MNOs to better scale up mHealth services. This document distils best practices and industry-wide lessons by providing key motivators, challenges and recommendations for mHealth service providers to engage with MNOs for scaling up their initiatives. (Excerpts)
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  2. 2

    WHO recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of Reproductive Health and Research

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2012. 41 p.

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of mortality, morbidity and long term disability related to pregnancy and childbirth. Effective interventions to prevent and treat PPH exist and can largely reduce the burden of this life-threatening condition. Given the availability of new scientific evidence related to the prevention and treatment of PPH, this document updates previous WHO recommendations and adds new recommendations for the prevention and treatment of PPH. The primary goal of this guideline is to provide a foundation for the implementation of interventions shown to have been effective in reducing the burden of PPH. Health professionals responsible for developing national and local health policies constitute the main target audience of this document. Obstetricians, midwives, general medical practitioners, health care managers and public health policy-makers, particularly in under-resourced settings are also targeted. This document establishes general principles of PPH care and it is intended to inform the development of clinical protocols and health policies related to PPH.
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  3. 3

    Priorities in child health. Easily digestible information for health workers on managing the young child. Booklet 1: Introduction.

    Kibel M; Hendricks M; Hussey G; Swingler G; Zar H

    Pretoria, South Africa, Management Sciences for Health [MSH], EQUITY Project, [2000]. [35] p. (USAID Contract No. 674-0320-C-00-7010-00)

    This series of booklets is a course of self-based learning on the comprehensive management of the sick infant and young child. It is intended for use by first level health workers who, in South Africa, are generally nurses. The principles used are based on the World Health Organisation strategy “Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)”. For those who have not yet benefitted from full IMCI training, the booklets provide specific information on important elements of child health care that each nurse should know and use. As her knowledge and experience expands, she will increasingly approach each child in the comprehensive manner promoted in this series. The booklets are not intended as a substitute for existing training programmes, but rather as an adjunct to such learning. Short case studies are employed to illustrate problems to be discussed in each section. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    WHO antenatal care randomized trial: Manual for the implementation of the new model. [Estudio clínico aleatorizado de control prenatal de la OMS: Manual para la puesta en práctica del nuevo modelo]

    Villar J; Bergsjo P

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2002. 33 p.

    This manual describes the basic component of the new WHO antenatal care model. It provides detailed instructions on how to conduct the four-visit schedule of the basic component of the new WHO model. It includes a classifying form for easy assessment of a woman’s eligibility for the basic component, and provides a checklist of activities that are to be performed throughout the four-visit schedule. It is important to emphasize that the basic component of the new WHO antenatal care model is intended only for the management of pregnant women who do not have evidence of pregnancy-related complications, medical conditions or major health-related risk factors. For the management of women who have such conditions, health providers are advised to follow the recommended established procedures of their clinic or hospital. The clinics or hospitals that do not have established procedures for women with such conditions, or that wish to update the ones they currently have, can use The WHO Reproductive Health Library to identify evidence-based interventions. (author's)
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  5. 5

    It takes 2: partnering with men in reproductive and sexual health. UNFPA programme advisory note.

    Cohen SI; Burger M; Dairo AE; Mbugua W

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 2003. 46, 6 p. (UNFPA Programme Advisory Note)

    This document is intended to help UNFPA country staff plan national programmes, develop strategies and projects, review progress made, and assess the soundness of their strategies. It illustrates how one can increase men’s involvement in reproductive health issues through research, advocacy, behaviour change communication and education, policy dialogues and well-tailored and innovative reproductive health services. It starts by defining partnering with men and providing a rationale for this approach from the standpoint of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). A framework for selecting essential elements of such a programme is then described. Examples are provided of ways in which UNFPA has supported a partnering approach, followed by a summary of lessons learned. A matrix of sample outputs and their indicators provides options for defining and measuring results. Additional resources are also provided for information on gender, masculinities, adolescent boys, education, services, working with special populations, and research on partnering with men. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    [Programming for safe motherhood. Instructions for maternal and neonatal survival. Development and implementation of a plan of action] Programmer pour une maternite sans risque. Directives pour la survie de la mere et du nouveau-ne. Elaboration et mise en oeuvre d'un plan d'action.

    Cameron S

    New York New York, UNICEF, Health Section, Programme Division, 1999 Oct. 134 p.

    Based upon respect for human rights, safe motherhood programs help build the intersectoral actions needed to improve maternal health and effect behavioral changes favoring safe motherhood among women, adolescents, men, health personnel, and political leaders. Men, as well as their spouses, partners, neighbors, and leaders, need to actively support women in their choices and actions aimed to improve women's health and well-being. Each chapter of this publication is an independent guide outlining interventions, considering cost-effectiveness, which address the direct and indirect causes of maternal mortality and including malnutrition, the lack of education, violence, and the mistreatment of women. Community participation in conceiving, developing, and implementing programs; improving communication and transportation systems; training midwives; delivering care in welcoming settings; and improving healthcare facilities are concrete, decisive measures. Such measures comprise a spring- board for new action made possible by growing knowledge and experience, and aim to overcome those maternal health challenges faced in poor countries and low income communities. This guide was conceived to help UNICEF personnel working at the country level to implement elements of the safe motherhood initiative.
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  7. 7

    Awareness, mobilization, and action for safe motherhood: a field guide.

    Newton N; Russell N; Kureshy N

    Washington, D.C., NGO Networks for Health, White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood, 2000. x, 50 p.

    The White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood is an international coalition of organizations formed to promote increased public awareness of the need to make pregnancy and childbirth safe for all women, in developing as well as developed countries. This field guide is intended to provide organizations in developing countries with guidance on how they can be active and involved in the Safe Motherhood Initiative and participate in the White Ribbon Alliance. It does not include technical information on how to design, implement, and evaluate safe motherhood program intervention. However, it does offer suggestions for bringing a wide range of people and organizations together to promote safe motherhood. Following an overview of safe motherhood and its key issues, this guide suggests specific ways in which organizations can carry out White Ribbon Alliance activities in their countries. Information on how to adapt the Safe Motherhood Fact Sheets to specific country contexts is also provided.
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  8. 8

    Managing maternal and child health programmes: a practical guide.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for the Western Pacific

    Manila, Philippines, WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 1997. [8], 65 p. (Western Pacific Education in Action, Series No. 10)

    The health of mothers and children in developing countries continues to lag far behind that in the developed world. As a result of cultural factors and a lack of access to essential services, women are often denied freedom of reproductive choice. This manual was prepared by the World Health Organization to assist managers of health services, especially at the district level, to ensure the availability of high-quality maternal-child health/family planning (MCH/FP) care in developing countries. MCH/FP program management has gained recognition as an essential component of adequate reproductive health care. Practical guidelines are presented on how to plan, implement, and evaluate MCH/FP programs as well as how to establish objectives, strategies, training activities, and evaluation procedures.
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  9. 9

    World Health Day - April 7, 1998. Invest in the Future: Support Safe Motherhood. Resource booklet.

    American Association for World Health

    Washington, D.C., American Association for World Health, 1998. 47 p.

    World Health Day, established by the World Health Organization (WHO), is celebrated on April 7 in the 191 WHO member countries. WHO has designated Safe Motherhood as the common theme for 1998 World Health Day activities. Safe Motherhood is an international initiative aimed at ensuring women have safe pregnancies and deliveries and healthy infants. This manual was prepared as a resource for those involved in the planning of World Health Day 1998 in the US, where the slogan is: "Invest in the Future: Support Safe Motherhood." After providing background information on the global importance of the prevention of maternal mortality and morbidity, the manual sets forth detailed guidelines on forming an organizing committee, selecting events and activities, choosing a location, creating a planning schedule, identifying community resources, defining target audiences, using the mass media to publicize events, hospitality arrangements, and program evaluation. World Health Day activities appropriate for individuals, communities, workplaces, schools, religious organizations, government agencies, and health care settings are suggested. Also included, for possible reproduction, is a series of fact sheets on topics such as pregnancy-related mortality in the US, maternal nutrition, sexually transmitted diseases, family planning, prenatal care, warning signs during pregnancy, and breast feeding. Finally, lists of state contacts and hotlines are appended.
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  10. 10

    Reproductive health in refugee situations. An inter-agency field manual.

    United Nations. High Commissioner for Refugees

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNHCR, 1995. 83 p.

    This interagency field manual on reproductive health (RH) in refugee situations was produced during a workshop that addressed this specific issue. The manual is organized into chapters on background issues related to RH programs, a Minimum Initial Service Package, safe motherhood, sexual and gender-based violence, prevention and care of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, family planning, other RH concerns, RH needs of adolescents, and surveillance and monitoring. The appendices pertain to the essentials of IEC programs, the legal rights of refugees relating to RH, a glossary of terms, and an evaluation form. This 1995 field manual will be field-tested, and users are asked to contribute their suggestions in preparation for a revised manual within the next 2 years. All RH activities should follow the principle that "reproductive health should be available in all situations and be based on refugee, particularly women's, needs and expressed demands, with full respect for the various religious and ethical values and cultural backgrounds of the refugees, in conformity with universally recognized international human rights." RH care should be important in ameliorating pregnancy and delivery complications, malnutrition and epidemics, and a failure of law and order. Delivery of RH is made more difficult by the breakdown of preexisting family support networks, the loss of income, the isolation of women as family heads, and an emphasis on life-threatening situations. Successful RH programs require adequate staff and funding and effective community participation, integration of services, IEC, advocacy for RH, and coordination of activities among relief agencies. Monitoring is important for identifying high-risk groups, confirming the most serious conditions, and identifying trends.
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  11. 11

    Home-based maternal records. Guidelines for development, adaptation and evaluation.

    World Health Organization [WHO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1994. viii, 85 p.

    The home-based maternal record--like the child growth chart--represents a simple, appropriate technology that can have a significant impact on maternal and child health. A prototype home-based maternal record was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1982 to facilitate the early detection of risk conditions, promote timely referral of at-risk cases, improve the monitoring of health status for up to 10 years after pregnancy, and increase community involvement in health care. A multicenter review of the maternal health card conducted by WHO in 14 countries in 1984-88 indicated this tool increased the referral rate, the use of prenatal care, attendance at postpartum check-ups, and childhood immunization rates while also promoting self-reliance and the participation of mothers in their own health care. Since that time, the WHO prototype record has been adapted to local health needs and conditions by almost 30 centers. The protocol presented in this volume is intended for use by decision makers in health ministries, obstetricians, program managers, and community health leaders who want to introduce the maternal record to their own health system. Detailed information is provided on the functions and benefits of the records, how they should be adapted and introduced to the primary care system, and steps that should be taken in advance of large-scale use. Also included is information on the training of community health workers, nurse-midwives, and physicians.
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