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Baltimore, Maryland, Jhpiego, 2018. 92 p. (USAID Award No. HRN-A-00-98-00043-00; USAID Leader with Associates Cooperative Agreement No.GHS-A-00-04-00002-00)The Malaria in Pregnancy reference manual and clinical learning materials are intended for skilled providers who provide antenatal care, including midwives, nurses, clinical officers, and medical assistants. The clinical learning materials can be used to conduct a 2-day workshop designed to provide learners with the knowledge and skills needed to prevent, recognize, and treat malaria in pregnancy as they provide focused antenatal care services.
Larval source management: a supplementary measure for malaria vector control. An operational manual.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2013.  p.Larval source management (LSM) refers to the targeted management of mosquito breeding sites, with the objective to reduce the number of mosquito larvae and pupae. When appropriately used, LSM can contribute to reducing the numbers of both indoor and out-door biting mosquitoes, and -- in malaria elimination phase -- it can be a useful addition to programme tools to reduce the mosquito population in remaining malaria ‘hotspots’. This operational manual has been designed primarily for National Malaria Control Programmes as well as field personnel. It will also be of practical use to specialists working on public health vector control, and malaria programme specialists working with bilateral donors, funders and implementation partners. It has been written by senior public health experts of the malaria vector control community under the guidance of the WHO Global Malaria Programme. The manual’s three main chapters provide guidance on: the selection of larval control interventions, the planning and management of larval control programmes, and detailed guidance on conducting these programmes. The manual also contains a list of WHOPES-recommended formulations, standard operating procedures for larviciding, as well as a number of country case studies.
Indoor residual spraying: an operational manual for indoor residual spraying (IRS) for malaria transmission control and elimination.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2013.  p.This manual has been created to enhance existing knowledge and skills, and to assist malaria programme managers, entomologists and vector control and public health officers to design, implement and sustain high quality IRS programmes. Though comprehensive, this manual is not intended to replace field expertise in IRS. The manual is divided into three chapters: IRS policy, strategy and standards for national policy makers and programme managers; IRS management, including stewardship and safe use of insecticides, for both national programme managers and district IRS coordinators; IRS spray application guidelines, primarily for district IRS coordinators, supervisors and team leaders. This manual will enable national programmes to: develop or refine national policies and strategies on vector control; develop or update existing national guidelines; develop or update existing national training materials; review access and coverage of IRS programmes; review the quality and impact of IRS programmes.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2013.  p. (WHO/HTM/NTD/WHOPES/2013.3)Guidelines for testing long-lasting insecticidal nets (LNs) were first published by WHO in 2005. The revised guidelines were reviewed by a WHOPES informal consultation on innovative public health pesticide products, held at WHO headquarters on 22-26 October 2012. Industry was invited to attend the first 2 days of the meeting to exchange information and provide their views, after which their comments were further reviewed by a group of WHO-appointed experts, who finalized the guidelines by consensus. The purpose of this document is to provide specific, standardized procedures and guidelines for testing LNs for personal protection and malaria vector control. It is intended to harmonize testing procedures in order to generate data for registration and labelling of such products by national authorities and provide a framework for industry in developing novel LN products. This document replaces the previous guidelines, published by WHOPES in 2005. (Excerpts)
Supporting community responses to malaria: A training manual to strengthen capacities of community based organizations in application processes of the Global Fund to Fight HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Cologne, Germany, STOP MALARIA NOW!, 2009 Nov. 53 p.This training manual is a product of the STOP MALARIA NOW! advocacy campaign and aims to support community responses to malaria. In particular, this manual aims to improve knowledge and skills of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in application processes of the Global Fund to Fight HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The contents are based on results of the needs assessment 'Capacity Needs of CBOs in Kenya in Terms of Application Processes of the Global Fund to Fight HIV /AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM)', conducted in June and July 2009.
Indoor residual spraying. Use of indoor residual spraying for scaling up global malaria control and elimination. WHO position statement.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, Global Malaria Programme, 2006.  p. (WHO/HTM/MAL/2006.1112)WHO's Global Malaria Programme recommends the following three primary interventions that must be scaled up in countries to effectively respond to malaria, towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals for malaria by 2015 and other health targets: diagnosis of malaria cases and treatment with effective medicines; distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) to achieve full coverage of populations at risk of malaria; and indoor residual spraying (IRS) as a major means of malaria vector control to reduce and eliminate malaria transmission including, where indicated, the use of DDT. Scaling up access and achieving high coverage of these effective interventions, particularly to populations who are at the highest risk of malaria, and sustaining their implementation, remain major challenges for achieving current global malaria control goals. (excerpt)
Mass use of insecticide-treated bednets in malaria endemic poor countries: public health concerns and remedies.
Journal of Public Health Policy. 2004; 25(1):9-22.Over the last two decades, morbidity and mortality from malaria have increased in sub-Saharan Africa due to civil unrest, resistance to available drugs, human migration, population displacements, deteriorating health systems, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic which consumes much of the resources for disease prevention. In response to this growing challenge, international development agencies, spearheaded by the World Health Organization (WHO), founded the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative, a global partnership for prevention and control of malaria. The primary goal of RBM is to achieve a 50% reduction in the global malaria burden by 2010, and the period 2001-2010 has been tagged the "United Nations Decade to Roll Back Malaria". RBM has adopted use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets as a major tool for the achievement of its malaria control objectives. Treatment of mosquito nets with insecticide was probably introduced for the first time during World War II, when nearly half a million American servicemen were stricken with malaria. Wider use of insecticide treated nets began in the 1980s following the development in the early 1970s of photostable synthetic pyrethroids which are fast-acting, effective in small quantities, relatively stable, adhere to fabric, and relatively safe to humans. Based on a series of field studies of the effect of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) on malaria morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, promotion of use of ITNs has emerged as a key intervention for malaria control. RBM's target is to have 60% of the world's population at risk of malaria sleeping under ITNs by 2005 (I). Realization of this goal could see tens of millions of doses of pesticides for net impregnation entering thousands of homes in malaria endemic poor countries annually. Thus, strategies to ensure a fuller understanding of their health risk and to minimize actual and potential adverse effects on human health are urgently needed. (excerpt)
Managing the outbreak of malaria. To be used by the border districts of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand.
New Delhi, India, WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia, 1997 Apr. , 23 p. (SEA/MAL/195)Presented, in this World Health Organization report, are technical guidelines for managing malaria outbreaks in border districts of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Thailand. Its sections cover the definition of an epidemic, epidemic factors, types of epidemics, epidemic-prone areas, prevention of outbreaks in epidemic-prone areas, early warning and epidemic reporting, outbreak investigation, planning for an emergency, intervention, monitoring and evaluation, and post-outbreak activities. Appendices reproduce instructions on preparing reports of malaria outbreaks/epidemics. It is stressed that an effective malaria program should be alert to the epidemiologic, entomologic, and environmental changes that can lead to an increase in the incidence of malaria. Epidemics can be prevented or contained through measures such as use of an efficient information system for stratification and identification of epidemic-prone areas, good case detection and prompt treatment, access to sufficient supplies of drugs, and good vector control. The District Health Office should carry out a detailed analysis of all outbreaks to assist in identifying causation and provide information for the control of future outbreaks.