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Evidence behind the WHO guidelines: Hospital Care for Children: what is the aetiology and treatment of chronic diarrhoea in children with HIV?
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. 2009 Dec; 55(6):349-55.This clinical review aims to address the issue of appropriate treatment for chronic diarrhea in children with HIV and evaluates the scientific evidence behind WHO's recommendations for this matter. It finds that highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) substantially reduces diarrhea, increases the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents, and improves weight gain.
London, England, Oxfam, May 1981. 439 p.This handbook was developed to provide field directors of Oxfam overseas projects with guidelines for managing and assessing the numerous aspects of their projects. Oxfam's philosophy, objectives, strategies, and resources are described, and a directory of Oxfam field offices and other agencies world wide is provided. Guidelines and strategies in the areas of agriculture, health, social development, humanitarian programs, and disaster relief are covered in individual sections, with a bibliography for each.
International migration in North America, Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and North Africa: research and research-related activities.
Geneva, Switzerland, United Nations, Economic Commission for Europe, 1993. v, 83 p.As a joint effort of the World Bank and the Economic Commission for Europe, the aim of this report was to identify international migration research and research-related activities in major political and institutional context, general overviews, and data sources, migration is discussed in terms of demography, international policies, economic and labor market aspects, highly skilled workers, development, integration, migration networks, ethnic relations, refugees and asylum seekers. East-west migration is also treated in a political and institutional context, with general overviews and data sources cited. The development and labor markets as well as ethnicity and return migration are considered. South-north migration is examined in a broad manner, with special emphasis on migration in the Mediterranean Basin and the Middle East. The review is meant to serve as a useful resource and as a stimulus for dialogue. Basic data are missing on east-west migration and labor, migration patterns within the Middle-East, and north-south movements other than from North Africa. Basic institutional sources for data and research on international migration are available from the Council of Europe; the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); the International Labor Organization; the International Organization for Migration; the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees; the Intergovernmental Consultations on Asylum, Refugee, and Migration Policies in Europe, North America, and Australia; and the European Community. 13 major publications are primary sources of data, of which the most extensive is OECD's SOPEMI Report. 9 sources of data pertain to demographic aspects of migration. The 1986 SOPEMI report and updates document national policies and practices of entry control in OECD member countries; the UN Population Division also published a survey of population policies, including migration policies. The Commission of European Communities policies, including migration policies. The Commission of European Communities also publishes a document on noncommunity citizens. Researchers who have analyzed recent trends are identified, and research papers are cited for labor aspects of migration, highly skilled workers and migration, migration and development, integration and ethnic relations, migrant networks, refugees and asylum seekers, security, return migration, clandestine migration and ethical issues.
London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1990. 122 p. (IPPF Medical Publications)This booklet intended for family planning doctors primarily in developing countries updates the previous IPPF edition, with new information on oral contraceptives, chapters on the subdermal implant Norplant, post-coital contraception, injectables, and appendices on statistical methods and post-partum contraception. Each chapter contains text with a statement by the IMAP (International Medical Advisory Panel) of the IPPF. After brief introductions on historical background and reproductive physiology, the main part of the book concerns the use of combined oral contraceptives, their actions, beneficial and adverse effects, indications and contraindications, and several aspects of use such as community-based distribution. There are chapters on progestogen-only pills and on orals in chronic disease. Post-coital contraception is discussed, considering combined pills, progestagens, IUDs, Danazol, RU-486, which all have different time limits of effectiveness. Both DMPA and NET-EN injectables, by 3-month and monthly protocols are described, with a section on the controversy regarding their distribution. The chapter on Norplant comprises mostly the IMAP statement: more information would be needed for training in this method. The book ends with remarks on the use of hormonal contraceptives to enhance safe motherhood, taking into account the fact that the pill offers no protection against STDs.