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[Washington, D.C.], World Bank, .  p. (\)Designing and implementing knowledge exchange initiatives can be a big undertaking. This guide takes the guesswork out of the process by breaking it down into simple steps and providing tools to help you play a more effective role as knowledge connector and learning facilitator. It will help you: identify and assess capacity development needs; design and develop an appropriate knowledge exchange initiative that responds to those needs; implement the knowledge exchange initiative; measure and report the results.
Consultation on Indicators for the Right to Health, Chateau de Penthes, Geneva, 1-2 April 2004. Meeting report.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, Department of Ethics, Trade, Human Rights and Health Law, 2004 Dec. 18 p.This document provides an overview of the presentations and discussions on the issue of right to health indicators from a workshop held 1-2 April 2004. Part A (Background and rationale) explains the origins and aims of the concept of right to health indicators, as well as the ultimate objective of this series of consultations. Part B (Proposed frameworks and related concepts/initiatives) describes the framework proposed by the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to health (Paul Hunt) on right to health indicators. Part C (Related conceptual frameworks to human rights) provides an overview of two presentations on (1) the Commission on Human Security's work on human security and the social minimum and (2) WHO's work on Millennium Development Goals and equity. Part D (Work in progress and mapping exercises) contains summaries of a number of presentations relating to ongoing work relevant to right to health indicators. Part E (Conclusions) list ways forward and activities to be completed before the next meeting (tentatively planned for June 2005). (author's)
Coordinated strategy to abandon female genital mutilation / cutting in one generation: a human rights-based approach to programming. Leveraging social dynamics for collective change.
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2007.  p. (Technical Note)The coordinated strategy presented in this technical note describes a human rights-based approach to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) programming. The note aims to provide guidance to programmers who are supporting large-scale abandonment of FGM/C in Egypt, Sudan and countries in sub-Saharan Africa. To provide a more comprehensive understanding of FGM/C as a social convention, this coordinated strategy includes an in-depth examination of the research documented by the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in 'Changing a Harmful Social Convention: Female genital mutilation/cutting', Innocenti Digest. Its focus is limited to the social dynamics of the practice at the community level, and it applies game theory, the science of interdependent decision-making, to the social dynamics of FGM/C. This strategy does not cover everything that occurs at the community level, but rather, looks at the practice from the perspective of a particular type of social convention described by Thomas C. Schelling in The Strategy of Conflict. It introduces an innovative approach to FGM/C programming that is intended to bring about lasting social change. (excerpt)
Fulfilling reproductive rights for women affected by HIV / AIDS. A tool for monitoring progress toward three Millennium Development Goals. Updated version.
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Ipas, 2006 Aug. 20 p.In 2004, more than 25 national and international organizations presented a statement to the secretariat of the United Nations (UN) Commission on the Status of Women that highlighted relatively neglected areas in the reproductive health of women affected by HIV/AIDS. In collaboration with the International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS (ICW), the Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) and the Pacific Institute for Women's Health, Ipas used that statement and a literature review to develop this practical tool to help nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) address those neglected areas of reproductive health. Since the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have become a common framework for assessing progress in development, the tool links those areas of reproductive health to three of the MDGs related to empowering women, improving maternal health and combating HIV/AIDS. This document is an updated version of the original resource published in 2004. Changes were made after the eight partner NGOs listed below piloted the benchmarks in 11 developing countries. (excerpt)
Action guide for United Nations country teams. Implementing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV / AIDS adopted at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV / AIDS, 25-27 June 2001.
Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2002 Oct. 27 p. (UNAIDS/02.56E)The Action Guide is focused on the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (the Declaration), approved by the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) in June 2001. The primary responsibility for implementing the Declaration rests with governments. The role of the United Nations system is to support government efforts, and this guide has been prepared to assist United Nations Country Teams in this important process. The primary purpose of the guide is to suggest actions that Country Teams can take to support implementation of the Declaration. Its approach is based on three fundamental principles: implementation is a collective responsibility; the emphasis is on strengthening existing capacities, mechanisms and processes; and the Declaration is a unifying, motivational tool. (excerpt)
New York, New York, UNIFEM, 2005. 67 p.This resource guide was developed to: Provide practical guidance to UN Theme Groups (UNTGs) working on gender equality, focusing on how to more effectively collaborate around women’s empowerment and gender equality issues at the country level; Serve as a tool to strengthen the role of UN theme groups in mainstreaming gender equality concerns and advocacy for women’s and girls’ rights into Common Country Assessment/UN Development Assistance Framework (CCA/UNDAF) exercises, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and other coordinated support mechanisms at the national level. The guide contains information based on feedback from theme groups in more than 30 countries. It synthesizes the opportunities and challenges that exist to promote gender equality and women’s human rights in the context of UN reform and greater coordination among wide-ranging development actors. The practical guidance and support comes in the form of tips, examples, and good practices summarized from the work of experienced theme groups. Source material from a cross-section of UN system agencies has been added to the base of experience. (excerpt)
Indicators for monitoring the Millennium Development Goals: definitions, rationale, concepts and sources.
New York, New York, United Nations, 2003 Oct.  p.This handbook contains basic metadata on the agreed list of quantitative indicators for monitoring progress towards the 8 goals and 18 targets derived from the Millennium Declaration. The list of indicators, developed using several criteria, is not intended to be prescriptive but to take into account the country setting and the views of various stakeholders in preparing country-level reports. Five main criteria guided the selection of indicators. They should: Provide relevant and robust measures of progress towards the targets of the Millennium Development Goals. Be clear and straightforward to interpret and provide a basis for international comparison. Be broadly consistent with other global lists and avoid imposing an unnecessary burden on country teams, governments and other partners. Be based to the greatest extent possible on international standards, recommendations and best practices. Be constructed from well-established data sources, be quantifiable and be consistent to enable measurement over time. The handbook is designed to provide the United Nations country teams and national and international stakeholders with guidance on the definitions, rationale, concepts and sources of the data for the indicators that are being used to monitor the Millennium Development Goals. Just as the indicator list is dynamic and will necessarily evolve in response to changing national situations, so will the metadata change over time as concepts, definitions and methodologies change. (excerpt)
Washington, D.C., CEDPA, 1996. , 43 p.This handbook reviews the field of gender and development to help development professionals incorporate gender analysis to improve their projects, programs, and institutions. The first section contributes to overall understanding of gender through a consideration of 1) the definition of "gender"; 2) the gender division of labor; 3) approaches to meet practical needs and fulfill strategic interests; and 4) the impact of gender on women's lives in terms of education, health, and employment. Section 2 traces and charts the evolution of thinking about women's development and the parallel changing pattern of women's development programs, contrasts the "Women in Development" and "Gender and Development" approaches, presents top-down and bottom-up strategies to improve gender equity, and lists UN milestones in promotion of the advancement of women. The third section presents gender training and analysis as the two most important tools for implementing gender-focused development. Critical elements for integrating gender into organizations are identified, and the following models for conducting gender analysis are considered: the contextual analysis model (used before a project starts), the Harvard Framework (used during a project), the Women's Empowerment Framework (analyses a project from a women's empowerment standpoint), and the Gender Analysis Matrix (used to understand community perceptions of a project). The final section of the manual reviews the commitment to improving gender equity contained in the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women (WCW). Appendices provide a glossary of gender and development terms, a summary of the WCW Platform for Action, and a checklist for building gender equity into project design and implementation.
WORLD HEALTH FORUM. 1993; 14(2):209-10.The WHO and the UN Children's Fund have set joint targets for global and national programs for the control of diarrhoeal diseases. One target stipulates that by 1995, 50% of the children with diarrhoea should receive an increased volume of fluids with continued feeding. The principal approach to achieving this is the implementation of skills-oriented training for health workers. The joint targets also state that by 1995, 80% of mothers of children <5 years of age should be aware of the rules of home case management: give increased fluids, continue feeding, and seek medical care when needed. For the year 2000, this target is 100%. Despite well-implemented clinical management training in many countries, advising mothers on how to care for diarrhoea at home is the weakest element of case management. Health facility surveys show that 1-10% of mothers are correctly advised. Health workers often give advice at the end of a consultation, facilities are often crowded, and health workers may not feel that advising is productive. Therefore, the Program for the Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases (CDD) has developed a training guide called "Advising Mothers" which outlines a process and the skills which will help health workers to advise mothers effectively. "Advising Mothers" is a training tool which should be used during clinical management training courses or as a refresher course for health workers previously trained in clinical management. On average, the exercises in the program require about 8 hours. If "Advising Mothers" is incorporated into clinical management training, practice may be done during regular clinical practice sessions; if training is carried out separately, an extra half-day will be needed for clinical practice. National CDD programs would incorporate "Advising Mothers" into clinical management training courses for health personnel.
London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1975. 75 p.The handbook is the result of a workshop held by IPPF in Singapore in 1972 for cross-disciplinary teams from 9 countries in the IPPF Southeast Asia and Oceania Region that included family planning workers and government and nongovernment workers involved with youth groups. Each national team planned specific pilot projects in population-family life education for a target population of out-of-school youth, i.e., children who did not have the opportunity to go to school, as obviously such children would not profit from family planning education offered in schools and, more importantly, as such children generally are part of that segment of the population most in need of family planning education and information. The Southeast Asian area was selected in part because of its acute demographic situation and in part because it contains a sizable chunk of the world's population. Futhermore, 59% of that population is under the age of 24 years. The book is divided into 2 sections: program planning, which includes identification of objectives and target groups, decisions on content, and planning for communication, resources, and evaluation; and the pilot projects designed by the country teams. The section on program planning is based on the contributions of J.A. Johnston, J. Jayasuriya, D. Harman, and Mechai Viravaidya. The appendices include extracts from background papers by S. Heerdjan and P.P. Narayan, workshop details, and a bibliography.