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Repositioning family planning: Guidelines for advocacy action. Le repositionnement de la planification familiale: Directives pour actions de plaidoyer.
Washington, D.C., Academy for Educational Development [AED], 2008. 64 p.Countries throughout Africa are engaged in an important initiative to reposition family planning as a priority on their national and local agendas. Provision of family planning services in Africa is hindered by poverty, poor access to services and commodities, conflicts, poor coordination of the programmes, and dwindling donor funding. Although family planning enhances efforts to improve health and accelerate development, shifting international priorities, health sector reform, the HIV/AIDS crisis, and other factors have affected its importance in recent years. Traditional beliefs favouring high fertility, religious barriers, and lack of male involvement have weakened family planning interventions. The combination of these factors has led to low contraceptive use, high fertility rates in many countries, and high unmet needs for family planning throughout the region. Family planning advocates must take action to change this situation. Family planning, considered an essential component of primary health care and reproductive health, plays a major role in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality and transmission of HIV. It contributes to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and the targets of the Health-for-All Policy for the 21st century in the Africa Region: Agenda 2020. In recognition of its importance, the World Health Organisation Regional Office for Africa developed a framework (2005-014) for accelerated action to reposition family planning on national agendas and in reproductive health services, which was adopted by African ministers of health in 2004. The framework calls for increase in efforts to advocate for recognition of "the pivotal role of family planning" in achieving health and development objectives at all levels. This toolkit aims to help those working in family planning across Africa to effectively advocate for renewed emphasis on family planning to enhance the visibility, availability, and quality of family planning services for increased contraceptive use and healthy timing and spacing of births, and ultimately, improved quality of life across the region. It was developed in response to requests from several countries to assist them in accelerating their family planning advocacy efforts.
London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1975. 75 p.The handbook is the result of a workshop held by IPPF in Singapore in 1972 for cross-disciplinary teams from 9 countries in the IPPF Southeast Asia and Oceania Region that included family planning workers and government and nongovernment workers involved with youth groups. Each national team planned specific pilot projects in population-family life education for a target population of out-of-school youth, i.e., children who did not have the opportunity to go to school, as obviously such children would not profit from family planning education offered in schools and, more importantly, as such children generally are part of that segment of the population most in need of family planning education and information. The Southeast Asian area was selected in part because of its acute demographic situation and in part because it contains a sizable chunk of the world's population. Futhermore, 59% of that population is under the age of 24 years. The book is divided into 2 sections: program planning, which includes identification of objectives and target groups, decisions on content, and planning for communication, resources, and evaluation; and the pilot projects designed by the country teams. The section on program planning is based on the contributions of J.A. Johnston, J. Jayasuriya, D. Harman, and Mechai Viravaidya. The appendices include extracts from background papers by S. Heerdjan and P.P. Narayan, workshop details, and a bibliography.