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Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 2006 Apr; 17(2):80-98.The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy has helped strengthen the application and expand coverage of key child survival interventions aimed at preventing deaths from infectious disease, respiratory illness, and malnutrition, whether at the health services, in the community, or at home. IMCI covers the prevention, treatment, and follow-up of the leading causes of mortality, which are responsible for at least two-thirds of deaths of children younger than 5 years in the countries of the Americas. The IMCI clinical guidelines take an evidence-based, syndrome approach to case management that supports the rational, effective, and affordable use of drugs and diagnostic tools. When clinical resources are limited, the syndrome approach is a more realistic and cost-effective way to manage patients. Careful and systematic assessment of common symptoms and well-selected clinical signs provide sufficient information to guide effective actions. (author's)
Priorities in child health. Easily digestible information for health workers on managing the young child. Booklet 1: Introduction.
Pretoria, South Africa, Management Sciences for Health [MSH], EQUITY Project, .  p. (USAID Contract No. 674-0320-C-00-7010-00)This series of booklets is a course of self-based learning on the comprehensive management of the sick infant and young child. It is intended for use by first level health workers who, in South Africa, are generally nurses. The principles used are based on the World Health Organisation strategy “Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)”. For those who have not yet benefitted from full IMCI training, the booklets provide specific information on important elements of child health care that each nurse should know and use. As her knowledge and experience expands, she will increasingly approach each child in the comprehensive manner promoted in this series. The booklets are not intended as a substitute for existing training programmes, but rather as an adjunct to such learning. Short case studies are employed to illustrate problems to be discussed in each section. (excerpt)