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Population strategy in Asia. The Second Asian Population Conference, Tokyo, November 1972. Report, declaration and selected papers.
Bangkok, Thailand, ECAFE, 1974 Jun. 449 p. (Asian Population Study Series No. 28; E/C.N.11/1152)The 23 countries represented at the 1972 Second Asian Population Conference adopted a Declaration of population strategy for Development. The action program outlined in this declaration covers areas such as labor utilization, land reform, pollution, planning mechanisms, and family planning. The conference sought to provide a better understanding of the central role of population in the achievement of development goals and to assist governments in determining and applying the most effective means of influencing population trends. The Declaration of Population strategy for Development notes that, while population has a direct effect on development and the human enviroment, conversely policies in the fields of education, healt, housing, social security, employment, and agriculture also have an impact on population. Thus, integrated national planning and coordinated action are required. Particular attention should be given to the need to bring about a more equitable distribution of income and opportunity. The priority of population and family planning should be recognized through the allocation of broad responsibilities in planning, evaluation, and analysis of programs in these fields to government departments. Information, education, and services that will enable families to realize their aspirations must be available, and small family size should be encouraged through intensive efforts in information and education. Steps should be taken to ensure that all pertinent information reaches policy makers, opinion leaders, and socioeconomic planners. The conference requested that its deliberations be taken into consideration in the drafting of the World Population Plan of Action. It further called upon the 1974 World Population Conference to consider global-level means for addressing the population problem.
New Internationalist. 1974 May; (15):31-2.This article details and defends the role of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA). UN involvement in population activities has come under attack by Marxists, Catholics, and other forces. Although the Fund provides assistance for activities in the area of population, including family planning, it is not an agency for world population control. Establishment of a strong UN role in population assistance has not reduced other forms of development assistance. The UNFPA stresses the need for development decision making at the local level and the link between population and development. Assistance is provided only after a request has been made, and no particular view of either problem or solution is imposed. In the 1st 3 years of operation, funds dispersed by the UNFPA increased 10-fold. The steady increase in requests may reflect distrust on the part of governments for bilateral population aid.