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  1. 1

    Who supports responsible sex education? Medical experts, health leaders, researchers, and parents.

    NARAL Foundation

    Washington, D.C., NARAL Foundation, 2002 Mar. 6 p.

    Medical experts, health leaders, researchers, and parents overwhelmingly support teaching responsible, age-appropriate, comprehensive sex education in schools. Respected studies recognize the positive effects of responsible sex education and conclude that abstinence-only programs have not been proven effective. Recognizing the validity of these studies, influential medical experts have cautioned against allocating funds to unproven programs. Thus, it is highly disturbing that some policymakers – including President Bush – continue to push for increased funding for abstinence-only programs, despite the research findings and the recommendations of parents, esteemed medical experts, health leaders, and researchers. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Keeping the promise: summary of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV / AIDS, United Nations General Assembly, Special Session on HIV / AIDS, 25-27 June 2001, New York.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2002 Jun. 33 p. (UNAIDS/02.31E; PN-ACP-799)

    At the meeting, Heads of State and Representatives of Governments issued the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. This Declaration describes in its preamble (paragraphs 1–36), the extent of the epidemic, the effects it has had, and the ways to combat it. The Declaration then states what governments have pledged to do—themselves, with others in international and regional partnerships, and with the support of civil society— to reverse the epidemic. The Declaration is not a legally binding document. However, it is a clear statement by governments concerning that which they have agreed should be done to fight HIV/AIDS and that which they have committed to doing, often with specific deadlines. As such, the Declaration is a powerful tool with which to guide and secure action, commitment, support and resources for all those fighting the epidemic, both within and outside government. This booklet simplifies and summarizes the text of the Declaration in an effort to make it more accessible to all and to encourage everyone to do his or her part to put it into action. Where possible, it pairs relevant paragraphs from the preamble with relevant sections from the body of the Declaration. The bold text in quotes is taken directly from the Declaration. Also included are quotes from some of the statements made by speakers at the meeting, as well as from people affected by HIV/AIDS. It should be stressed that the paragraphs in this booklet are simplified versions of those found in the Declaration. They should not be substituted for the full, original text when formal reference to the Declaration is needed. The original text is attached as an annex for easy reference. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    The state of the world's children 2002. Leadership. Official summary.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2002. 45 p.

    It was September 1990, a time of unusual optimism in the world. The cold war was over and there was widespread expectation that money that had been spent on arms could now be devoted to human development in a 'peace dividend'. An unprecedented number of country presidents and national leaders gathered at the United Nations for the World Summit for Children, as the world considered how to guarantee children a better life. The World Summit for Children reflected the world's hopes for children. Leaders promised to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which had been unanimously approved by the United Nations General Assembly just the year before. They signed up to ambitious goals to reduce child mortality, increase immunization coverage, deliver basic education and a whole raft of other measures by the year 2000. The World Declaration to which the leaders signed their name was bold and unequivocal: "The well-being of children requires political action at the highest level." The cause of children, for perhaps the first time in human history, was at the top of the world's agenda. The State of the World's Children 2002 is about leadership: about the leadership that turned the commitments made at the 1990 Summit into actions that improved the lives of children and families, and about the leadership that is still needed to ensure the right of every child to live in peace, health and dignity. Presenting models of leadership from individuals and agencies, organizations and alliances, this report spotlights the 'Say Yes for Children' campaign and the United Nations Special Session on Children. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Buddhist monks address HIV / AIDS.

    Borthwick P

    Global AIDSLink. 2002 Jan; (71):11, 17.

    In many Buddhist countries, people assume that monks would never entertain the prospect of working in HIV/AIDS, an illness associated in many people’s minds with immoral, rather than unsafe, behaviors. In some countries where monks have played more of a ceremonial or purely spiritual role, people wonder how monks will cope with the intense social action HIV/AIDS requires. At this stage someone usually raises the example of Thailand where monks have played a role in development activities for over two decades and have been active at grassroots level on HIV/AIDS for many years. For many countries in the Mekong region, Thailand’s example seems a hard act to follow. And it’s true that monks in Cambodia and Lao PDR, for instance, tend to be less well educated, at least in secular subjects, than their peers in Thailand. It is certainly true that their community temples have less resources. But, as UNICEF has been delighted to discover, there are many, many monks in the Mekong region for whom the realization of the extent of the AIDS problem has been a call to action. (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    Follow up on the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS. Work of WHO: progress report - July 2002.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of HIV / AIDS

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2002. 28 p. (HIV/2002.12)

    As a result of the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/ AIDS, held in June 2001, many WHO Member States want to intensify the capacity of the health sector to withstand and respond more effectively to the HIV epidemic. They are looking to the international community – specifically UNAIDS cosponsors such as WHO – for support as they plan to scale up health sector action in response to HIV/AIDS. National officials require assistance in articulating evidence-based health-sector policies and implementing key interventions; building the capacity to monitor epidemiological and behavioural trends; developing a critical mass of trained health professionals; mobilizing resources and negotiating alliances with private or voluntary entities, and undertaking advocacy on a scale proportionate to the size of the task being faced. They want to ensure that research is innovative and relevant to developing countries. They require guidance on procuring quality commodities (such as condoms, HIV-related drugs and diagnostics) at the best possible prices, and in using them most effectively. This report provides an overview of the extensive program of HIV/AIDS activities now being undertaken by WHO - with an emphasis on the work being conducted at headquarters in Geneva, but including some activities being conducted at regional level - to assist countries in addressing these challenges and meeting the targets set out in the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    Woman heads Tokyo office of U.N. Population Fund.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    [London, England], IPPF, 2002 Oct 22. 1 p.

    Kiyoko Ikegami, 51, became the director of the first Tokyo office of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) last month. Believing that education is the key to eradicating poverty and controlling population growth, her first task is to improve public recognition of the organization's activities. (excerpt)
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  7. 7

    Pakistan. The road taken.

    Khan ZI

    Real Lives. 2002 Jan; (7):40-1.

    This paper relates the experiences of a volunteer who has been with the Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP) for five years. Invited by the FPAP to participate in a college drama competition at age 19, the young woman wrote a play on the theme “girl child” that was well received and won a best actress award. Eventually, the young woman became more involved in the organization, eventually representing them at national and international meetings.
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