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Journal of International Women's Studies. 2007 Nov; 9(1):212-233.This essay analyzes the contributions of three Young Women's Christian Association leaders who chaired the nongovernmental organization forum planning committees during the UN Decade for Women (1975-1985). It assesses the effectiveness of their leadership and addresses questions of distribution and uses of power within women's international NGOs and in relationship to the global feminist community. (author's)
Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2007.  p. (UNAIDS/07.07E; JC1274E)These Practical Guidelines for Intensifying HIV Prevention: Towards Universal Access are designed to provide policy makers and planners with practical guidance to tailor their national HIV prevention response so that they respond to the epidemic dynamics and social context of the country and populations who remain most vulnerable to and at risk of HIV infection. They have been developed in consultation with the UNAIDS cosponsors, international collaborating partners, government, civil society leaders and other experts. They build on Intensifying HIV Prevention: UNAIDS Policy Position Paper and the UNAIDS Action Plan on Intensifying HIV Prevention. In 2006, governments committed themselves to scaling up HIV prevention and treatment responses to ensure universal access by 2010. While in the past five years treatment access has expanded rapidly, the number of new HIV infections has not decreased - estimated at 4.3 (3.6-6.6) million in 2006 - with many people unable to access prevention services to prevent HIV infection. These Guidelines recognize that to sustain the advances in antiretroviral treatment and to ensure true universal access requires that prevention services be scaled up simultaneously with treatment. (excerpt)
[Geneva, Switzerland], UNAIDS, . 29 p.AIDS is affecting women and girls in increasing numbers: globally, women comprise almost 50% of women living with HIV. Nearly 25 years into the epidemic, gender inequality and the low status of women remain two of the principal drivers of HIV. Yet current AIDS responses do not, on the whole, tackle the social, cultural and economic factors that put women at risk of HIV, and that unduly burden them with the epidemic's consequences. Women and girls have less access to education and HIV information, tend not to enjoy equality in marriage and sexual relations, and remain the primary caretakers of family and community members suffering from AIDS-related illnesses. To be more effective, AIDS responses must address the factors that continue to put women at risk. The world's governments have repeatedly declared their commitment to improve the status of women and acknowledged the linkage with HIV. In some areas, progress has been made. By and large, though, efforts have been small-scale, half-hearted and haphazard. Major opportunities to stem the global AIDS epidemic have been missed. It is time the world's leaders lived up to their promises. That's why the UNAIDS-led Global Coalition on Women and AIDS is calling for a massive scaling up of AIDS responses for women and girls. (excerpt)
Target: 30 percent of leadership positions to women by 1995 - United Nations Commission on the Status of Women.
UN Chronicle. 1990 Jun; 27(2): p..A target of 30 per cent of leadership positions to be held by women by 1995 in Governments, political parties, trade unions, professional and other representative groups was recommended by the Commission on the Status of Women at its 34th session. On average, only 3.5 per cent of national ministerial posts were held by women in 1987, according to a UN study. The recommendation was among 22 texts adopted by the body, many of them aimed at accelerating the implementation of the 1985 Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women. Thirteen drafts recommended action by the Commission's parent body, the UN Economic and Social Council. (excerpt)
Rwanda promotes women decision-makers - Women in reconstruction. [Le Rwanda favorise les prises de décisions émanant des femmes - Les femmes et la reconstruction]
UN Chronicle. 2003 Dec; 40(4): p..The Women Waging for Peace Policy Commission analyzes women's contributions to reconstruction processes through case studies of post-conflict societies. In its first report, "Strengthening Governance: The Role of Women in Rwanda's Transition", published in September 2003, the Commission reviews the successes and failures of structures and policies designed to promote the integration of women in reconstruction and governance. It shows that their participation in reconstruction processes are essential to the stability of such societies. The Women Waging Commission, in its own research on the 1994 Rwandan violence, focused on gender dynamics--an aspect often overshadowed by ethnic questions in most discussions of the phenomenon. In its study, the Commission noticed that Rwanda's transitional government had established structures for female inclusion and had implemented progressive gender policies that could serve as an example to other post-conflict societies. (excerpt)
AIDS Alert. 2004 May; 1-2.UNAIDS and other international organizations have been drawing attention in recent months to the plight of women in nations where HIV infection is pandemic and likely to continue the trend of disproportionately affecting women. Half of the people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide are women, and in sub-Saharan Africa, women comprised 58% of all people infected with HIV by the end of 2003, according to the latest statistics from UNAIDS of Geneva. As women's stake in the epidemic rises, so do the challenges facing groups that desire to improve HIV prevention among women. What's lacking is strong women's leadership on the issue of women and HW, says Mary Robinson, executive director of the Ethical Globalization Initiative in New York City. "At the grass-roots level, women's organizations are dealing with this problem and are aware of it, but it hasn't been sufficiently handled at the leadership level," she says. For example, women's leadership is needed to tackle the patriarchal traditions, such as property, marriage, and inheritance laws, that contribute to the overall powerlessness of women in many developing nations, she notes. (excerpt)
Progress towards implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. Report of the Secretary-General.
New York, New York, United Nations, General Assembly, 2003 Jul 25. 21 p. (A/58/184)The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 100 of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (General Assembly resolution S-26/2, annex), adopted by the Assembly at its special session on the human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) on 27 June 2001. The year 2003 is especially significant since it is the year in which the first of the time-bound targets set out in the Declaration of Commitment fall due. The majority targets in 2003 pertain to the establishment of an enabling policy environment, which set the stage for the programme and impact targets of 2005 and 2010. The report is based primarily on responses provided by 100 Member States on 18 global and national indicators developed by the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS to measure progress towards implementation of the Declaration. The regional breakdown of States that responded is as follows: sub-Saharan Africa — 29; Asia and the Pacific — 15; Latin America and the Caribbean — 21; Eastern Europe and Central Asia — 13; North Africa and the Middle East — 8; high-income countries — 14. Virtually all heavily affected countries provided information relating to policy issues addressed by the indicators. The activities cited in the report are intended to be illustrative and not a comprehensive listing of all activities that have been undertaken in order to implement the Declaration. (excerpt)
[London, England], IPPF, 2002 Oct 22. 1 p.Kiyoko Ikegami, 51, became the director of the first Tokyo office of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) last month. Believing that education is the key to eradicating poverty and controlling population growth, her first task is to improve public recognition of the organization's activities. (excerpt)