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New York, New York, United Nations, 1988. iv, 186 p. (ST/CSDHA/3)This volume provides documentation and descriptions of conventions and covenants adopted by the UN General Assembly, the General Conference of the International Labor Organization (ILO), and the UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The actual text is also given. The appendix provides a list of countries that adopted specific conventions. Special reservations to conventions and the nature of the reservation are provided by country in another appendix. All conventions pertain to the status of women and human rights. The UN Charter assures in article 55 and 56 the promotion of universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms regardless of race, sex, language or religion. Adoption of any international convention is legally binding by governments. International declarations or recommendations that are not legally binding are not included in this volume. The UN conventions pertain to the Convention on the Political Rights of Women (1952), the Nationality of Married Women (1957), Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage, and Registration of Marriages (1962), and the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979). The ILO conventions on specific rights pertain to the protection of women at work (1919-35), night work of women employed in industry (1919), and the employment of women on underground mines (1935). Other conventions concern equal pay for equal work, discrimination in employment, maximum weights permissible to be carried by one worker, labor inspection in agriculture, protection from benzene poisoning, vocational guidance and training, and workers and family responsibilities, and termination of employment. UNESCO adopted a convention on discrimination in education (1960). The 1979 UN convention on the rights of women is the most comprehensive and far reaching and includes the suppression of traffic in women and exploitation of women prostitutes, political rights, and elimination of discrimination in employment and education. The aim of this volume is to make available the generally accepted standards for promoting equality between men and women and to give Governments a comprehensive basis for improving and enforcing legislation.
[Human rights and the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women-1979] Los derechos humanos y la convencion sobre la eliminacion de todas la formas de discriminacion contra la mujer-1979
Bogota, Colombia, Profamilia, 1988. 189 p.The most significant achievement during the past decade for women's rights has been the drafting and adoption of legislation on the "Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women" (1976-85). This document highlighted the practice of institutional discrimination which affected women in judicial and social patterns of behavior. Discrimination against women violates their fundamental rights of equality and respect for their human dignity. This is the basic premise of the UN document--that there is a minimally accepted behavior permitted between men and women towards women, and this must include fundamental and institutional principles that include and highlight women's fundamental and equal rights. This document cannot and should not be viewed as another one to have been ratified, but instead should be categorized as the "Magna Carta" for women's human rights. Unfortunately, this document can also become a smoke screen for those countries searching for prestige and approval from the international community and who ratify such documents for political approval and then continue to violate women's rights. The objective of this book is its contribution in researching and documenting the correlation between law, its practice, and women's judicial, social and economic condition. The book includes 8 chapters: 1) Decade of the United Nations for the Advancement of Women; 2) The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Human Rights, and Equality; 3) Female Prostitution; 4) Equality for Women; 5) Eliminating Discriminatory Practices in Marriage and Family Relationships; 6) Eliminating Discriminatory Practices in the Employment, Education, Health, Economics, Social and Cultural Sectors; 7) New Human Rights and Family Planning; and 8) The Convention.