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Options for new laws and policies in the promotion of fertility management in the ESEAO (East and South East Asia and Oceania) region.
In: International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). East and South East Asia and Oceania region. Joint consultation of regional medical committee and regional information, education and communication committee, March 2-3, 1976, Hong Kong. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, IPPF, (1976). p. 40-49Most countries in the East and South East Asia and Oceania (ESEAO) region have adopted policies and programs to reduce population growth and, consequently, have become more and more interested in innovative laws and policies which may have an impact on population. In this connection it is important to devote some attention to the following relatively new aspects in the field of family planning and population planning -- law and planned parenthood/population beyond family planning, the status of women and family planning, and recent developments in laws and policies affecting fertility. Only in the last few years has the role of law, as it affects population, been given proper consideration. Since 1971 Law and Population Projects have been initiated in 25 countries including several of the ESEAO region. Their objective is to study the impact of various laws on population and to propose legal reforms in support of family planning. At the November 1975 Governing Body meeting of the IPPF, it was concluded that family planning associations can and should be encouraged to play a pioneering role in promoting legal change. New approaches to promote fertility reduction include the so-called beyond family planning measures -- efforts to lower birthrates indirectly by instituting social or economic measures that would themselves influence people toward diminished fertility -- which are actually included in the field of law and planned parenthood/population. The relationship between the status of women and family planning, 1st endorsed by the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women in 1965, has been emphasized repeatedly since then, but much still needs to be done in this region to improve the status of women. Many countries in the ESEAO region have reassessed existing laws affecting fertility, and the following data, compiled from various sources, will give some idea of the present state of innovative laws and policies in Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia.