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[International legislation on children's rights: application and obligatory status in Ecuador] Legislacion internacional sobre derechos de los ninos. Aplicacion y obligatoriedad en el Ecuador.
Quito, Ecuador, Ediciones Abya-Yala, 2000. XXII, 294 p.This compilation of the complete texts of the Ecuadorian constitution and 20 international instruments comprising the UN doctrine on the human rights of children and adolescents provides structure for a dispersed collection to facilitate study and comparison. The 20 normative works include conventions, declarations, pacts, directives, and regulations, most of which were ratified or are in process of ratification by Ecuador. Article 163 of Ecuador’s constitution states that international treaties and conventions approved by the National Congress are incorporated into national internal law from their promulgation in the Official Register and take precedence over existing laws and norms. They are exceeded in normative force only by the Constitution. A brief introductory commentary discusses the doctrines that have informed legislation on children and adolescents during the twentieth century. Two sections compare in tabular form themes regarding children and adolescents in the Ecuadorian Constitution and the 20 international instruments, arranged according to terminology and by document. Two concordances identify the themes dealing with children and adolescents and their exact location within another 77 international instruments on related topics such as human rights, women’s rights, and the International Labor Organization. The concordances permit rapid search for any theme of interest regarding rights of adolescents and children in the two sets of documents. A summary table provides the date of adoption, ratification, and publication in the Official Register of each of the 20 documents.