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  1. 1

    [International legislation on children's rights: application and obligatory status in Ecuador] Legislacion internacional sobre derechos de los ninos. Aplicacion y obligatoriedad en el Ecuador.

    Marquez Matamoros A

    Quito, Ecuador, Ediciones Abya-Yala, 2000. XXII, 294 p.

    This compilation of the complete texts of the Ecuadorian constitution and 20 international instruments comprising the UN doctrine on the human rights of children and adolescents provides structure for a dispersed collection to facilitate study and comparison. The 20 normative works include conventions, declarations, pacts, directives, and regulations, most of which were ratified or are in process of ratification by Ecuador. Article 163 of Ecuador’s constitution states that international treaties and conventions approved by the National Congress are incorporated into national internal law from their promulgation in the Official Register and take precedence over existing laws and norms. They are exceeded in normative force only by the Constitution. A brief introductory commentary discusses the doctrines that have informed legislation on children and adolescents during the twentieth century. Two sections compare in tabular form themes regarding children and adolescents in the Ecuadorian Constitution and the 20 international instruments, arranged according to terminology and by document. Two concordances identify the themes dealing with children and adolescents and their exact location within another 77 international instruments on related topics such as human rights, women’s rights, and the International Labor Organization. The concordances permit rapid search for any theme of interest regarding rights of adolescents and children in the two sets of documents. A summary table provides the date of adoption, ratification, and publication in the Official Register of each of the 20 documents.
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  2. 2

    [Decree No. 61 of 9 September 1991] Decreto No. 61.

    El Salvador

    DIARIO OFICIAL (SAN SALVADOR). 1991 Sep 27; 312(180):6-7.

    This Decree creates a National Committee to Ensure the Operation of the Agreements and Operations of the International Conference on Central American Refugees. The Committee is composed of representatives of various El Salvador government agencies and headed by the Vice Minister of Foreign Relations. The following are the functions of the Committee: a) to plan, formulate, and approve projects and to execute them; b) to facilitate the detailed formulation of proposed projects, to work with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the United Nations Development Program, and to be responsible for the final approval of the projects; c) to establish regular and timely coordination between national agencies and international non-governmental agencies that participate in the planning and/or execution of projects; d) to create support groups at the national level with the participation of national authorities, representatives of cooperating countries, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Development Program, and other interested international agencies and financial institutions and non-governmental organizations; e) to call together these support groups for regular meetings with the goal of ensuring periodic consultation on the supervision, promotion, and mobilization of support and resources; and f) to ensure that the Committee has the necessary resources for the execution of the Plan of Action.
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  3. 3

    [Human rights and the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women-1979] Los derechos humanos y la convencion sobre la eliminacion de todas la formas de discriminacion contra la mujer-1979

    Plata MI; Yanuzova M

    Bogota, Colombia, Profamilia, 1988. 189 p.

    The most significant achievement during the past decade for women's rights has been the drafting and adoption of legislation on the "Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women" (1976-85). This document highlighted the practice of institutional discrimination which affected women in judicial and social patterns of behavior. Discrimination against women violates their fundamental rights of equality and respect for their human dignity. This is the basic premise of the UN document--that there is a minimally accepted behavior permitted between men and women towards women, and this must include fundamental and institutional principles that include and highlight women's fundamental and equal rights. This document cannot and should not be viewed as another one to have been ratified, but instead should be categorized as the "Magna Carta" for women's human rights. Unfortunately, this document can also become a smoke screen for those countries searching for prestige and approval from the international community and who ratify such documents for political approval and then continue to violate women's rights. The objective of this book is its contribution in researching and documenting the correlation between law, its practice, and women's judicial, social and economic condition. The book includes 8 chapters: 1) Decade of the United Nations for the Advancement of Women; 2) The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Human Rights, and Equality; 3) Female Prostitution; 4) Equality for Women; 5) Eliminating Discriminatory Practices in Marriage and Family Relationships; 6) Eliminating Discriminatory Practices in the Employment, Education, Health, Economics, Social and Cultural Sectors; 7) New Human Rights and Family Planning; and 8) The Convention.
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