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    Saudi Arabia.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume III. Oman to Zimbabwe, compiled by United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. 78-81. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.2; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.2)

    Saudi Arabia's 1985 population of 11,595,000 is projected to grow to 44,780,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 44.9% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.2% were over the age of 60. 38.0% and 6.0% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 34.3 to 24.2 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 60.9 to 74.3 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 8.9 to 3.7, while infant mortality will decline from 85.0 to 21.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 7.3 to 3.6, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 43.2 to 27.9. No information is reported on the contraceptive prevalence rate and female mean age at 1st marriage. Urban population will increase from 73.0% in 1985 to 88.2% overall by the year 2025. Fertility, emigration, and spatial distribution levels are not. Saudi Arabia does not have an explicit population policy. In the interest of protecting national identity and meeting the economy's labor requirements, an increase in population size is desired. Steps have therefore been taken to reduce mortality and maintain high fertility with the ultimate goal of reducing dependency upon expatriate labor. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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