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In: Hossain T, Ahmed JU, Khan NI, ed. Proceedings of the Seminar on Family Planning, November 21-25, 1972. Dacca, Bangladesh, Ministry of Health and Family Planning, 1973. 563-7.The structure of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and its established program in certain sectors provide a firm basis for distinctive initiative in the population field. The ILO can effectively contribute to the broadening of the base of support and action of population programs. Additionally, the workers' education programs and the medical care component of social security schemes afford opportunities for forging substantive links of operational policy with population activities. Recent decisions on the part of policymaking programs have given special emphasis to population programs in the activities of the ILO. ILO effort in the Asian region was initiated by 2 exploratory missions: a medical specialist examined the possibilities of including family planning services into social security and enterprise level medical services; and a workers education expert collecting facts concerning attitudes and needs among Asian trade unions. 3 important regional meetings have been held for discussions among the ILO constituents and representatives of national family planning authorities on the ways in which workers and employers involvement in population and family planning activities could be strengthened. Another and more specialized type of meeting was held in 1971 with demographers and manpower planners to identify research objectives. A series of national seminars on population questions was begun in 1971. To meet an increasing demand among the government and the workers and employers organizations for assistance in the population and family planning activities in the organized sector, an Asian Labor and Population Team has been formed at the Regional Office in Bangkok. The Central Board of Workers Education in India (CBWE) has carried out a considerable amount of population education and produced visual aides particularly designed for this kind of education. ILO proposed to seek the collaboration of the CBWE on a project for the production and testing of educational kits for local level union courses.
U.N. Monthly Chronicle. 1973 Feb; 10(2):57-58.The Government of Malaysia and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on 24 January signed an agreement that is part of a multi-million dollar scheme to extend Malaysia's family planning programme to all sectors of the population, particularly those in the countryside. The total estimated cost of the five-year project is $14 million with the Fund providing a grant of $4.3 million, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development providing a loan of $5 million, and the Malaysia Government allocating $4.7 million from its budget. Although well-endowed with natural resources and in a relatively favourable financial position with a per capita gross national product of $380, Malaysia, with a population of 11 million, is facing economic and social pressure from a population growth rate averaging about 3 percent in the 1960s, one of the highest in Asia. That growth has rapidly enlarged the labour force and has hindered the application of resources to raise living standards and to create jobs. (Full text)