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  1. 1

    Diet, food supply and obesity in the Pacific.

    Hughes RG

    Manila, Philippines, World Health Organization [WHO], Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2003. [69] p.

    The objective of this paper is to review documented evidence and examine the relationships between the food supply, dietary patterns and obesity in Pacific countries. Obesity and consumption of imported foods seems to be an urban phenomenon in the Pacific. A suitable definition for a recommended proportion of fat in a national diet has been established. Before European contact, the food behaviour of the people of the Pacific region may have remained the same for millennia. The main staples were root crops. Upon European contact, Pacific people were described as strong, muscular and mostly in good health. The leaders and ruling classes appeared to be obese and high value was placed on fatty foods. Daily food intake consisted of large quantities of starchy roots supplemented with leaves, fish, coconuts and fruits. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Children's well-being in small island developing states and territories.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2004 Dec. 34 p.

    UNICEF’s long-term commitment to sustainable development in small island developing states and territories is expressed through its mission to forge strong and enduring partnerships to ensure that the rights of children to health, education, equality and protection are realized. Through its collaboration with governments, donors, children and communities, UNICEF strives to create a world that supports child rights and remains vigilant that the promises made to children are fulfilled in times of peace and stability, as well as during moments of crisis. A matrix of UNICEF’s contributions to the sustainable development of small island developing states and territories is provided in the Annex on page 32. During the UN Special Session on Children in 2002, some 180 nations reaffirmed their commitment to the goals, targets and outcomes set out at the 1990 World Summit for Children and subsequent United Nations conferences, summits and special sessions. Recognizing the important achievements in the conclusion of treaties to protect child rights, the increase in children’s enrolment in schools and numbers of lives saved, world leaders noted that “these achievements and gains have been uneven, and many obstacles remain…” (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States: year-end update.

    Chasek P; Goree LJ 6th

    EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN. 1993 Dec 21; 8(11):1-4.

    A brief description is given of the background behind the Small Island States Global Conference scheduled for March 1994. Preliminary meetings led to the formation of a draft program of action pertaining to climatic change and sea level increases, natural and environmental disasters, freshwater resources, management of wastes, coastal and marine resources, land and energy resources, tourism and biodiversity resources, regional institutions and technical cooperation, and a variety of other topics. Little agreement was reached on implementation, monitoring, and review among member states, which called for additional meetings. The World Coast Conference, held in November 1993, focused on progressive sustainable development and integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). Participants agreed on the necessity to 1) strengthen state's capabilities for ICZM, 2) identify priorities, 3) set up comprehensive and flexible assessment mechanisms, 4) coordinate activities at all levels, and 5) address longterm concerns. Only two nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) sent reports on donor activities. Host country meetings were held in Barbados in preparation for the planned 1994 Conference and settlement of logistics. CNN will provide television coverage of the Conference and produce documentaries on small island states. General Assembly highlights included summary statements by Belgium, Vanuatu, Maldives, the Caribbean community, Korea, and Australia members. The Barbados Declaration, which is in process and will be adopted in some form at the 1994 Conference, may incorporate elements from the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. The Ecojournalism workshop scheduled for Jamaica in January 1994 is aiming to instill awareness of the 1994 Conference and small island issues. 157 NGOs have received accreditation for the 1994 Conference, of which 50 are from small island states, 50 from developed countries, and 53 from nonisland developing countries. The NGO Liaison Committee will focus on workshops on special issues, examples of sustainable development such as the Village of Hope, and a showcase of affordable technologies and services in order to achieve more sustainable patterns of development.
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  4. 4

    Small islands, big human issues.

    Grant JP

    CHILDREN IN FOCUS. 1994 Apr-Jun; 6(2):1, 9.

    UNICEF, in its capacity as supporter of the Global Conference on Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing Countries, is particularly concerned about islands with acute poverty and underdevelopment and about islands with middle and high incomes. It is recommended that all the states ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child; establish national programs of action for child survival and welfare; support primary environmental care; and support (20% of total budget) nutrition, primary health care, basic education, safe water, and family planning. Most states contribute only about 10% of their national budgets to child welfare programs. 20% of international development assistance should also be devoted to nutrition, primary health care, basic education, safe water, and family planning. The global social agenda must be directed to women and children. Island characteristics include a preponderance of subsistence agriculture with fishing and cash cropping. Tourism provides for foreign exchange. There is heavy dependence on external aid and remittances. Urbanization is increasing, but the islands are isolated by distance and communication. Sanitation and inadequate water supplies pose serious problems. Diarrhea and malaria are major diseases of childhood. Malnutrition and undernutrition are increasing. The example of the Maldives has shown that political will can lead to gains in child survival and human development. Barbados is a good example of gains in social development, which could be deleteriously affected by economic and trade policies, environmental problems, or natural disasters. Small island countries are vulnerable because of insufficient reserves and the short-term nature of advances. Protective strategies may be adoption of sustainable models for health care, quality and relevant education, and provision of technical and social skills for young people. The issue is no longer just meeting basic needs but improving the quality of life and reducing in poverty.
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  5. 5

    Education to prevent AIDS / STDs in the Pacific. A teaching guide for secondary schools. A product of a regional workshop jointly organized by World Health Organization, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

    World Health Organization [WHO]

    [Unpublished] 1989. [5], 109, 15 p.

    This is a teaching guide developed by delegates at the WHO Regional Workshop on the Development of Instructional Materials on AIDS Education held in Suva, Fiji in January 1989, to be used with separate teacher training materials. It contains general background, purpose, resources and suggestions for teaching about AIDS/STDs, glossary, 13 teaching plans with several discussion topics with personal situations, and an illustrated hand-out booklet for students. Besides presenting accurate information, the purpose of the guide is to give students the opportunity to develop their decision-making skills, clarify their values, determine responsibility they have towards others, and change their behavior. Topics of the lesson plans include: HIV transmission, the course of HIV infection, protection, cultural, personal and community values, sexual and social responsibility, respecting HIV infected people, decision making, how to say no, safer sex, talking about STDs and AIDS. A compilation of common questions and answers about AIDS is also included.
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  6. 6

    Haiti -- family planning on Rue Barbancourt.

    FORUM. 1988 Apr; 4(1):14-5.

    PROFAMIL, the Haitian family planning association affiliated with the IPPF, has embarked on employment-based education and distribution by trained nurse-visitors. A typical nurse visits 17 workplaces monthly, dispensing pills and condoms, and referring those interested in an IUD or injectable to the clinic. PROFAMIL was established in 1986. It opened a clinic in Port-au-Prince, and has begun working with physicians, private voluntary organizations, as well as the media. Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, has a per capita income of $350, an average fertility of 5 children per woman, a population growth rate that is still growing and virtual desertification in rural areas. Only 6% of couples use a modern method of contraception. PROFAMIL's work is viewed with mistrust by many leaders and voodoo priests, who suspect that it is a form of foreign domination.
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  7. 7

    The miracle of a mountain moving out to the sea: the creation of new human space.

    Kuroda T

    Joicfp Review. 1985 Oct; 10:39-40.

    Port Island is an artificial island made up of sand and soil from Mount Takakura in the Rokko mountain range of Japan. The materials were carried to the coast of Suma a distance of 7.1 kilometers by a specially devised overhead conveyor belt from Kobe City. Work on the island still continues today. On the average, 7000 dump trucks a day have been mobilized at the conveyor belt facilities. The materials are transported from the coast by pusher-barges that have specially designed bottoms that open and dump the building materials on the sea bed. The island is linked to Kobe City by a huge bridge. It is serviced by a fully automatic monorail. A new city was also created at the site where the sand and soil were removed. A joint study with the Kobe City authority and local experts under the support and cooperation of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) was initiated. The administrative structure and financing required of a project of this magnitude need to be examined. The organizational structure and management style of local governments undertaking the project were non-bureaucratic, efficient and flexible. Kobe City authorities secured the necessary funds by issuing the German mark bond. A research on Kobe City and the redistribution of population is planned. More living space and better living conditions resulted from the project.
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