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[London, United Kingdom, IPPF], 2017 Jun. 3 p.The World Health Organization (WHO) issued revised guidance on the eligibility criteria for hormonal contraceptive use among women at high risk of acquiring HIV in March 2017. This update is critically important for women’s health, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence is high and injectable contraception is widely used.
Global Health: Science and Practice. 2015 Sep 10; 3(3):352-357.Contraceptive effectiveness is the leading characteristic for most women when choosing a method, but they often are not well informed about effectiveness of methods. Because of the serious consequences of “misinformed choice,” counseling should proactively discuss the most effective methods-long-acting reversible contraceptives and permanent methods-using the WHO tiered-effectiveness model.
Mera. 2008 Sep; iii-vi.When a woman chooses a contraceptive method, effectiveness is often the most important characteristic she considers. Knowing the risks and benefits of each method, including its effectiveness, is necessary for a woman to make a truly informed decision. Yet, many women do not understand how well various methods protect against pregnancy. Health professionals usually explain effectiveness by informing women of the expected pregnancy rates for each method during perfect use (when the method is used consistently and correctly) and during more typical use (such as when a woman forgets to take all of her pills). However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recently endorsed a simple evidence-based chart that healthcare providers can use to help women understand the relative effectiveness of different methods -- a concept that is much easier for most people to grasp. Key points of this article are: 1) Clinicians play an important role in ensuring that women understand the concept of effectiveness -- a key element of informed choice; 2) Women are able to understand the relative effectiveness of contraceptive methods more easily than the absolute effectiveness of a particular method; and 3) A new chart that places the methods on a continuum from least to most effective can help health professionals better communicate about contraceptive effectiveness.
Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2008 Oct; 34(4):269-70.User choice is central to contraceptive practice, as opposed to therapeutic care where the view of the prescriber tends to prevail. Provider organisations have to make difficult decisions in selecting the methods of contraception that are offered, particularly with the multitude of new products and the controversies that have surrounded the value of some of them. The World Health Organization (WHO) Model List of Essential Medicines is a valuable tool in strengthening the provision of contraceptive commodities as part of international development efforts.
A consensus process to adapt the World Health Organization selected practice recommendations for UK use.
Contraception. 2003 Nov; 68(5):327-333.The nominal group technique for consensus development was used to consider the World Health Organization Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use for adoption or adaptation in the United Kingdom. The nominal group comprised 11 opinion leaders who agreed that 74% of the WHO recommendations were consistent with current UK practice. Of 63 recommendations considered by the group to be at odds with current practice, 23 were adopted with advice that United Kingdom practice should change in line with WHO. Twenty-five were adopted because, although the group felt that the WHO recommendation differed from practice in the UK, it was unable to reach a consensus on an alternative recommendation. Thirteen WHO recommendations underwent minor revision for UK use. The group rejected two further WHO recommendations [on the timing of starting low-dose progestogen-only contraception (POC) during lactation] but was unable to reach consensus on any alternative guidance. It was agreed clinicians should be left to decide for themselves how to advise breastfeeding women about when to start low-dose POC. A UK version of the WHO Selected Practice Recommendations should help to standardize practice and improve the quality of care for couples using contraception. (author's)