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  1. 1

    Tolstoy, community cybernetics, and the MDGs.

    Moor J

    Habitat Debate. 2005 Sep; 11(3):19.

    Leo Tolstoy famously wrote that all happy families are alike, but each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. If the same can be said about dysfunctional cities, we must be prepared to deal with the unique micro-realities of each ailing community. This can only be done practically by encouraging residents to engage in a form of therapy that begins with local self-discovery. This must be a central aim in monitoring the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In an economically pressurized world where more than 95 percent of all development decisions are made by members of civil society, each acting more or less in their own self-interest, central coordinative systems of governance are failing. Squatters and slumlords everywhere make their choices outside the world of plans and regulations, as do an increasing number of small-scale entrepreneurs. This self-interest promotes unsustainable urban development, inhibiting a cooperative vision for the future that the complex urban ecology demands. The collective future is no-one’s baby and in effect has become an orphan. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    Contemporary issues in women's health.

    Arulkumaran S; Johnson TR

    International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2005 Jul; 90(1):4-9.

    Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention, January 10, 2005. A consortium of international public health agencies has published a “how-to” manual on implementing effective screening programs for cervical cancer in developing countries. The Alliance for Cervical Center Prevention is a partnership of global agencies, including the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer. For the past 5 years, the alliance has worked in more than 50 countries on identifying, promoting, and implementing effective, safe, and affordable cervical prevention strategies in low-resource settings. The resulting 279-page manual, Planning and Implementing Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Programs, is fully endorsed by the WHO. In the forward, Catherine LeGales Camus and Joy Phumaphi, assistants to the WHO director general, write that cervical cancer is one of the most preventable and treatable cancers, and that well organized programs in developed countries have led to a “remarkable reduction in mortality and morbidity.” (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    UNESCO Bangkok and HIV / AIDS.

    UNESCO Bangkok. HIV / AIDS Coordination and School Health Unit

    Bangkok, Thailand, UNESCO Bangkok, HIV / AIDS Coordination and School Health Unit, 2004. 12 p. (TH/2004/HI/PI/1)

    In line with the new global initiative taken by the Director General, UNESCO Bangkok, in the wider context of the UNAIDS partnership, is playing a strong coordinating role in enhancing financial and technical support for Ministries of Education to respond to HIV/AIDS across the region. While particular focus is put on HIV prevention, linking the potential of the Education Sector to enhance care and support responses (i.e., WHO's 3x5 initiative) is also emphasised, as well as interventions to decrease stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS (including teachers and students) and children affected by the pandemic. One strategy to improve coordination is the establishment of Partner Fora on HIV/AIDS and Education both at country and regional levels. As part of ongoing technical assistance to Ministries of Education and UNESCO field offices, UNESCO's Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education has developed two generic teacher training manuals: One manual focuses on how teachers can integrate HIV prevention into existing subjects in secondary schools. It has been used in several countries in South and Southeast Asia, supported by JFIT (Japanese Funds-in-Trust), UNAIDS and GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit). The other manual focuses on HIV/AIDS in the broader context of school health. This manual was developed in Uzbekistan and will be adapted for use in Kazakhstan and other low prevalence countries (supported by UNAIDS). (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Results: HIV / AIDS.

    United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]

    New York, New York, UNDP, 2002. 17 p.

    This document gives an overview of the United Nations Development Programme’s current activities in the area of HIV/AIDS. It focuses on results achieved in supporting countries in their efforts to effectively respond to the complex challenge of reversing the spread of the epidemic. (author's)
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