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  1. 1

    The Millennium Development Goals report 2007.

    United Nations

    New York, New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2007 Jun. 36 p.

    Since their adoption by all United Nations Member States in 2000, the Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals have become a universal framework for development and a means for developing countries and their development partners to work together in pursuit of a shared future for all. The Millennium Declaration set 2015 as the target date for achieving most of the Goals. As we approach the midway point of this 15-year period, data are now becoming available that provide an indication of progress during the first third of this 15-year period. This report presents the most comprehensive global assessment of progress to date, based on a set of data prepared by a large number of international organizations within and outside the United Nations system. The results are, predictably, uneven. The years since 2000, when world leaders endorsed the Millennium Declaration, have seen some visible and widespread gains. Encouragingly, the report suggests that some progress is being made even inthose regions where the challenges are greatest. These accomplishments testify to the unprecedented degree of commitment by developing countries and their development partners to the Millennium Declaration and to some success in building the global partnership embodied in the Declaration. The results achieved in the more successful cases demonstrate that success is possible in most countries, but that the MDGs will be attained only if concerted additional action is taken immediately and sustained until 2015. All stakeholders need to fulfil, in their entirety, the commitments they made in the Millennium Declaration and subsequent pronouncements. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    HIV / AIDS, gender, agency and empowerment issues in Africa.

    Kalipeni E; Oppong J; Zerai A

    Social Science and Medicine. 2007 Mar; 64(5):1015-1018.

    This special issue of Social Science and Medicine contains a set of papers that were presented at the 30th Annual Spring Colloquium of the Center for African Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and held on April 24, 2004. Focusing on gender, agency and empowerment, the colloquium brought together an interdisciplinary group of researchers to interrogate issues concerning HIV/AIDS in Africa. Together, the papers elucidate the role of poverty and economic deprivation in HIV transmission as complex, regionally specific, involving different scales (global to local), and manifesting through migration, gender and cultural politics. It has long been recognized that differences in health levels across gender and socioeconomic standing are mainly a result of inequality resulting from social and economic health determinants. As such the social, cultural, economic, political, ethnic, gender and environmental factors are just as important as the biological factors when attempting to find solutions or devise strategies to combat disease. Consequently, linking both the biomedical sciences with the social sciences in our approaches to public health is critically important. Incorporating integrated, cross-disciplinary and multi-scalar approaches may allow for better comprehension of disease dynamics and produce more effective intervention strategies. The papers in this volume highlight the social science aspects of HIV/AIDS and emphasize that solutions based on the natural sciences alone are inadequate to stem the tide. AIDS in Africa represents a crucial arena where there is a need for the natural and social sciences to come together, join forces, and effectively tackle this disease. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Women and HIV / AIDS: confronting the crisis.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]; United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]; United Nations Development Fund for Women [UNIFEM]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2004. vii, 64 p.

    This report grows out of our shared belief that the world must respond to the HIV crisis confronting women. It highlights the work of the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS—a UNAIDS initiative that supports and energizes programmes that mitigate the impact of AIDS on girls and women worldwide. Through its advocacy and networking, the Coalition is drawing greater attention to the effects of HIV on women and stimulating concrete, effective action by an ever-increasing range of partners. We believe this report, with its straightforward analysis and practical responses, can be a valuable advocacy and policy tool for addressing this complex challenge. The call to empower women has never been more urgent. We must act now to strengthen their capacity, resilience and leadership. (excerpt)
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