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  1. 1
    279253

    Wanted: a just, humane world.

    Bekele F

    Africa Recovery. 1999 Dec; 13(4):[3] p..

    Within a generation, the world could -- and should -- become a place where every infant is properly nurtured and cared for, where every child receives a quality basic education, and where every adolescent is given the support and guidance he or she needs in the difficult transition to adulthood, says the State of the World's Children 2000, published in December by the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF). Acknowledging the progress made in protecting children over the course of this century and in the decade since the 1989 adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF says much more remains to be done. It draws particular attention to three tragedies of which children and women are currently the main victims, largely in the developing world: armed conflict, HIV/AIDS and poverty. And the report adds that women are victims of these ills in disproportionate numbers due to gender discrimination. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    273840

    Children, armed conflict and HIV / AIDS. A UNICEF fact sheet.

    UNICEF

    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2003 Sep. [4] p.

    Armed conflict fuels the spread of HIV in many ways: by the disintegration of communities, displacement from the home, separation of children from their families, and the destruction of schools and health services. Another contributing factor is rape and other human rights abuses that proliferate during wartime. Moreover, the impoverishment that results from conflict situations often leaves women and girls destitute. For many, trading sex for survival becomes the only option. Crowded and unsafe camps for internally displaced persons and refugees expose women and children to the risk of sexual violence. That, combined with inadequate health services and opportunities for learning and recreation, creates a situation that is conducive to the spread of HIV. (excerpt)
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