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  1. 1

    IBFAN: on the cutting edge.

    Allain A

    DEVELOPMENT DIALOGUE. 1989; (2):5-38.

    The story of IBFAN, the International Baby Food Action Network, from its beginning with 6 members in 1979, to its status of 140 groups worldwide in 1989 is told by its founder, Annelies Allain. IBFAN celebrated its 10th anniversary in October 1989 with a week-long Forum of 350 organizers from 67 countries. IBFAN is a single-tissue grass-roots organization, almost entirely women: the issue is that bottle-feeding kills babies. It has mounted a successful campaign ending in passage of the WHO/UNICEF International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes in 1981. With this success, the political power of the "third system," of people, as opposed to government and transnational corporations, was recognized. The most important fundamental activity of IBFAN is to amass information to make its point that million of babies, primarily in developing countries, have died from consuming powdered formula instead of breast milk. IBFAN also set out to show that milk companies have influenced medical school training, health care providers, UN and WHO policies, and governments of developing countries through advertising and tax income. IBFAN's methods are boycott, corporate marketing analysis, shareholder, resolutions, and numerous strategies invented by local activists. The baby food industry responded by forming the International Council of Infant Food Industries, headed by a former WHO Assistant Director General, and applied for registration as an official NGO with the WHO. Again in 1987 they formed the Infant Food Manufacturers Associations, headed by a former WHO staff member, and gained WHO NGO status, claiming to advance infant nutrition and adhere to the WHO Code. Ibfan's current emphasis is on combatting free infant formula given out at maternity hospitals, the most effective way to block successful lactation, is developed as well as developing countries. An effort to monitor this activity will mark the 10th anniversary of the Code in 1991.
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  2. 2

    Population Crisis Committee: twenty-five year history.

    Population Crisis Committee [PCC]

    Washington, D.C., PCC, 1990. [12] p.

    This pamphlet traces the 25-year history of the Population Crisis Committee (PCC), a private non-profit organization that seeks to increase awareness and action around the goal of reducing population growth in developing countries. For the period between 1965-1990, the report provides a timeline of changes in PCC's leadership, as well as an account of changes in the vital statistics, such as world population size and the amount of US foreign aid for family planning. In 1965, the population of the world stood at 0.308 billion people, and US family planning aid totaled $2.0 million. By 1990, the figures stand at 5.317 billion and $288.2 million, respectively. The pamphlet also describes events in which the PCC has major involvement, including: 1965 -- Congress holds hearings on how the US should respond to rapid world population growth, hearings which lead to an increase in funding of foreign aid programs; 1968 -- the Agency for International Development gives its first grant to the International Planned Parenthood Federation in the amount of $3.5 million; 1974 -- 135 countries adopt the World Population Plan of Action, and 135 countries support a resolution on food and population at the World Food Conference; 1984 -- participants at the International Conference on Population in Mexico City criticize the Reagan administration's retreat on population efforts and restrictive new abortion policies; 1989 -- a government move to eliminate funds for population aid is blocked.
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